Which is better Milk; Cow’s milk or buffalo’s milk? Hie guys! Cow’s Milk or buffalo’s milk? Confused? Hmmmm… There are many negatives and positives of both the types of milk. When we talk about cow’s milk it is understood to be very lighter and buffalo milk is considered to be heavy in sense of digestion. Now what’s behind being heavy and light? What is really making the difference in the quality of milk? When a baby is born and top feeding of milk has to be started we usually hear our elders saying that cow milk is good for baby’s digestion and it’s also lighter for the baby.
Differences Fat content: First line of difference is the fat present in both the milk. It makes the consistency of milk differ. Cow’s milk has low % of fat in it hence it is of thin consistence and thereby called to be lighter by a layman. Buffalo’s milk is high in fat % and is thicker than cow’s milk and hence called heavy. As we know that a fatty food takes time for digestion and absorption and it stays in the stomach for a longer time giving us a feeling of heavy stomach or stomach fullness similarly buffalo milk has high fat and hence it takes time for digestion.
So cow’s milk is recommended over buffalo’s milk especially for infants and elders. Buffalo milk contains cholesterol. So for many people who are suffering from diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, kidney diseases, PCOD, Obesity etc are advised to have cow’s milk. Due to high peroxidase activity, buffalo milk can be preserved naturally for a longer period. Buffalo milk contains more calcium, better calcium: phosphorous ratio and less sodium and potassium than in cow milk which makes it a better nutritional supplement for infants.
Protein content: Proteins present in buffalo milk is higher than that of cow’s milk by approximately 11%. Buffalo milk protein is more heat resistant. Same like fats even proteins are difficult to digest for infants and older population. So even here the choice of milk is cow’s milk. Calorie Content: 100ml of cow’s milk contains 70Kcals whereas 100ml of buffalo’s milk contains 100Kacls. It is obvious that buffalo milk has more fat and proteins so it will have more calories.
So people who are on calorie restricted diet are again here advised to have cow’s milk to cut down the calorie consumption in the diet. Water content: Cow’s milk contains less milk solids as compared to buffalo’s milk. Because of high non solid % cow’s milk is sometimes denoted as watery milk. It helps in hydrating the body. Approximately 90% of milk is water. Composition of milk. Nutrient Cow Buffalo Human Water, g 88.
0 84.0 87.5 Energy, kcal 61.0 97.0 70.0 Protein, g 3.2 3.7 1.0 Fat, g 3.4 6.9 4.4 Lactose, g 4.7 5.2 6.9 Minerals, g 0.
72 0.79 0.20 Milk is hence a very healthy food unless it’s not adulterated. It is very important to check the quality of milk before purchasing. Adulteration is done with water, starch etc. So everyone please purchase milk in packaged form or from a reputed dairy. If you like our above article then you can subscribe to our newsletter. Read about Milk Benefits in the diet? The following two tabs change content below.
Neha Kava is a National Certified Registered Dietitian in India. She likes to share her knowledge about daily health, nutritition and diet tips. You can contact her on [email protected]See Also: Average Milk Yield Per Cow Per Day
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I’ll admit it… I’m totally prejudiced. Try as I might to get all excited over green beans and squash, I’d much rather talk about milk cows and home dairying. That’s not to say that I don’t enjoy the gardening aspect of my homestead, but animal husbandry is just more of my thing I suppose… And did I mention that I have a pretty severe brown thumb? Yeah… that might have something to do with it.
I firmly believe the family milk cow is going to be the next status symbol. 😉 And heck, if you don’t have room for a cow, there’s no shame in a dairy goat (or sheep) instead. Regardless of what species you choose, home dairying has got to be one of the most satisfying aspects of homesteading–even if you aren’t as prejudiced as I am. However, since it’s been several generations since the family milk cow was commonplace, most folks have a bunch of questions on the topic.
And that’s not surprising, since most of us (including myself) grew up with the white stuff from the store. I’ve decided to collect all of my most-common reader questions related to milk cows and home dairying in one big ol’ post. Hopefully this will answer any questions you might have on the topic, and prepare you for a dairy animal of your own in the near future. The Family Milk Cow: Common Questions Should I get a cow or a goat? This is a hotly debated topic, and honestly? I think it very much depends on the person and the homestead.
My Cow vs. Goat post will help you to weigh out the pros and cons of each home dairy animal. How much land do I need for a milk cow? It depends on where you live and what type of pasture you have available. Generally, it’s recommended you have 2-5 acres per cow. And even though we have 60+ acres of pasture for our small herd of cattle and horses, we still end up feeding hay during the winter when the grass is dormant.
If you plan on feeding hay year around, you can have a much smaller pen. How much does a milk cow cost? It depends on the cow and location, but dairy cows generally sell for $900-$3000 in our part of the country. The proven family cows cost more, while a first-calf heifer will cost less. How much does it cost to feed a milk cow? This is a tough question to answer… The cost of feeding a cow depends on: a) How much pasture you haveb) What type of hay you are feedingc) How much hay costs in your aread) The type of cow you have A general rule is 30-40 pounds of hay per day, per cow.
(And again, that number can vary greatly). In our area (depending on the year) hay goes for around $150-$200 per ton (2000 pounds). What should I feed my cow? Since we personally are believers in the benefits of grass-fed milk and meat, we feed our cattle a grass-based diet. That means they graze during the summer/fall, and eat hay (usually a grass/alfalfa mix) during the winter. Many dairy cow owners feed their cows grain to boost production.
However, since we aren’t a commercial dairy, I’m not really interested in pushing our cow to maximum capacity. She produces more milk than we need on just a diet of quality hay. What breed should I get? It depends. Holsteins are the primary breed of cattle used by the commercial dairy industry. However, while they produce a very large quantity of milk, it has a lower butterfat content, and the milk may not be quite as nutritious as some of the other dairy breeds.
Our Oakley is a Brown Swiss, so I’m rather partial to them. The Brown Swiss is one of the oldest dairy breeds, and they are known for being kind and gentle. However, many homesteaders favor the smaller Jersey, which produces an impressive quantity of rich milk for its smaller size. Other good home dairy options would be Guernseys or Dexters–a smaller breed that is making a comeback. Will I be chained to my homestead forever and ever if I get a milk cow? You don’t have to be! We practice a share-milking program on our homestead and leave the calf with the cow for a portion of the day.
This enables me to only have to milk once per day (during most of the year), and I can leave for the weekend when I need to. Do you have to breed a cow to get milk? Yes–in order for a cow to produce milk, it needs to have a baby first. Most cow owners breed their cow every single year so they have a fresh lactation cycle. However, you don’t *have* to do this. As long as you continue to milk, a cow can go for several years on one lactation cycle.
But they must have a calf initially to get the lactation going. Can I have just one cow or do I need a whole herd? Cows are definitely herd animals and enjoy the companionship of other cattle. However, there have been various times on our homestead when we’ve only had one cow, and they still seemed happy to hang out with the goats or horses for companionship. How much milk do you get? A lot! Again, the exact amount depends on the cow and what she is eating.
Once we wean the calf in the fall and are milking twice daily, I can usually expect to get 3-4 gallons per day. And if we really pushed her production with grain, we could get even more. How exactly do I get the milk out of the cow? With a little bit of practice! 😉 Check out my “How to Milk a Cow” video for all the tips and tricks. How do I keep the milk clean? I usually brush off any hay or “dirt” bits that are hanging on the cow’s udder or belly before I start.
I also wipe off the udder to remove any dirt or manure. This goes a long way in keeping the milk clean. However, it’s inevitable that you’ll end up with some dirt specks or bits of hay in your bucket at some point–I’m personally OK with that, and I just strain it and call it good. However, on the rare occasion that the cow sticks her foot into the bucket, or a big ol’ clod of manure lands inside, the milk definitely goes to the chickens….
Do you have to pasteurize the milk? Nope. You can if you wish, but many home dairyers (including myself) enjoy fresh, raw milk. Here’s why we prefer our milk unpasteurized, and also some tips for safely handling your raw milk. Can I sell the milk? It depends on where you live. In the majority of states in the USA, it is highly illegal to sell raw milk for human consumption (crazy, but true)… However, there are a few states where you can–so be sure to check the laws first.
Another option is to set up a cowshare or goatshare program, in which participants “own” a portion of the dairy animal and receive milk as part of the benefits of their ownership. This way, no money is actually exchanged for the sale of the milk itself. How much time does it take you to care for your milk cow? We have a small herd of other cattle and horses, so Miss Oakley generally gets lumped in with them.
We feed large bales, so those have to be fed usually on a weekly basis with the tractor (during the wintertime.) Daily maintenance really doesn’t take much time–just filling up the big water tank and scooping poop out of the barn several times per week. Milking usually takes around 15-30 minutes, depending on how full her udder is and how many times I get interrupted by children or dogs… Do I need to have a stanchion in order to milk? Nope! We’ve never used a stanchion or head-catch (contraptions that hold the cow still so you can milk) with Oakley.
If you have one, it can be handy, but not necessary. It took a little work in the beginning, but she now quietly stands tied while I milk. Sometimes I feed her hay during the process, but not always. She’s usually happy either way. Will I have to help her calve? Probably not, but it’s a good idea to be prepared anyway, just in case something goes wrong. Find a large animal vet you trust, and keep their number handy during calving season.
This post will help you watch for all the signs of calving (tons of pics!). Where can I learn more about family milk cows? There are many different resources, but one of my all-time favorites has been Keeping a Family Cow by Joann S. Grohman (affiliate link). I’ve read it cover to cover several times! I definitely don’t claim to be a “milk cow expert,” but hopefully this post gave you a little glimpse into the adventure of owning a family cow.
It’s a lot of work, but totally worth it! I have a feeling that there are more milk cow questions lurking, so look for Part Two coming sometime in the future…