Are you in the market for some cows? They are a great animal to begin raising because they can be so versatile. Some people like to raise their own beef. While others like to raise a cow for dairy. Whichever category you fall into, I thought you might want to know what breeds were actually out there so you could decide which breed would work best for your particular situation. So if this has been something you’ve been considering lately, then allow us to do your research for you and you just browse through this article until you find the perfect fit for your situation.
Useful Cow Breeds for Your Homestead Here are the different breeds of cattle: 1. Angus via That's Farming So many people in my area raise Angus cattle. The reason is that they produce quality beef, and a lot of people would rather raise their own beef than purchase it from the store. So if you are wanting to raise cattle for meat, then you should definitely look into this breed. 2. Holstein Friesian via Istock Let’s change gears for a moment.
If you are looking to raise a cow because you’d like to produce your own milk for cheese, butter, and other things, then you’ll want to consider this breed. Actually, when most people think of a cow, this is probably the type of cow you think of because it is used in so many adverts because this breed is known to be the highest-production breed for dairy. 3. Hereford via Gemstone Cattle Company This breed of cow is another really popular breed.
It is one used in many different parts of the world and in many different climates. But this breed is mainly used for meat production and it is in 50 different countries across the world. So it should adapt and do quite well no matter what climate you live in. 4. Shorthorn The Cattle Site The shorthorn was developed to be a dual purpose breed. That way people could raise one breed and get both dairy and beef products.
However, it is said, that usually certain blood lines would come out stronger in one area than the other. Now, you can purchase either a beef shorthorn or a dairy shorthorn depending upon which purpose you’d like to have cattle for. 5. Charolais via That's Farming The Charolais is a breed of cattle that was developed in France. They are raised mainly for beef and are often crossed with another beef breed, like Angus.
But they are known for growing really well and producing quality meat and hides. So if you like to make leather from your cattle, this would be a good breed to consider. 6. Galloway via Galloway Cattle Society I love this breed of cow because of its fluffy coat. Looks aside, this is a great beef breed for someone interested in that purpose. But this breed is also one of the oldest breeds as well.
It is named after the area in Scotland it originated, but it became a popular breed around the world when they began exporting them in the mid 1800’s. 7. Simmental Photo via Dora Lee Genetics This would be a great multipurpose breed. The Simmental breed is one of the oldest breeds. It is a Swiss breed but has been raised in the United States since around 1800. Though it is raised in other parts of the world as a dairy cow, the United States usually produces them for beef.
But they are known for being great dairy producers, large in size, and for growing quickly as well. 8. Brahman via Moreno Ranches This is the super cow when it comes to breeds. The Brahman breed is one of the oldest in the world. It has been able to adapt to the point that it can avoid falling ill due to most parasites, diseases, or other pests that cattle often come in contact with. Also, they have a large hump and horns which helps keep them cool.
They are known for being able to sweat and deter pests that way. But they can even survive in harsh climates and when there isn’t adequate food. These cows are troopers! 9. Limousin via That's Farming So if you want an ancient cow, this breed could be what you are looking for. When historians have studied ancient paintings from France, they found cattle in the pictures that look eerily similar to this breed.
Though they originated in France, they can now be found all over the world. They are great animals to use for work, but they are mainly bred for beef. 10. Scottish Highland via Wikipedia This breed is pretty amazing. It began its time in the Highlands of Scotland (hence where they got their name.) During this time, they were able to build up resistance to many diseases that usually plague other breeds of cows.
Now that this breed is all over the world, they do well in colder climates because they have long hair vs. a layer of fat to keep warm. But they do well in southern climates as well. This breed isn’t even picky about what it eats. You can put it out on pasture, and it is said to eat things most other breeds would turn their nose up at. 11. Brown Swiss via David Clarke Livestock If you are looking for a dairy cow, then this could be what you’ve been searching for.
It is second in line with the Holstein as far as milk production goes. So if you like the idea of being able to produce dairy right on your own land, then you should consider this breed. 12. Texas Longhorn via TSHA If you are looking for lean beef, then you’ll like the Texas Longhorn breed. You will immediately recognize this breed because of the extremely long horns. But what is so interesting about this breed is that they weren’t actually set out to become a breed.
The longhorns are a product of years of adaptation to their surroundings. 13. Brangus via Oklahoma State Unversity This is an excellent choice of breed for a beef cow. It is actually a cross between the angus breed and a brahman. So if you like both of those breeds, but can’t decide on which type you’d like, then maybe you could meet in the middle with this breed. 14. Jersey via Wide Open Pets You hear people talk about Jersey cows a lot.
My great grandfather actually raised them on his 11 acre farm. They are a smaller breed for a dairy cow, which makes them ideal for small farms. But they are also known for having a higher fat content in their milk. So if you like more fat in your milk, then you should consider this breed for that reason as well. 15. Ayrshire via Ayrshires Cattle Services Limited This is a dairy cow that is larger in size.
When I say larger, they usually weigh anywhere from 900 pounds to over 1300 pounds. That is a lot of animal. So you’ll definitely want to take their size into account because usually the larger the breed, the more maintenance they require because of the amount of food they need. 16. Chianina via Agraria.org We haven’t covered any Italian breed of cows on this list, until now. This breed originated in Italy, but is now used as a beef breed all over the world.
But what makes this cow stand out so much is its size. This breed is one of the largest breeds of cows you can raise this day in age. 17. Beef Master via The Cattle Site This breed produces some seriously buff cows. It is actually a crossbreed that has been around since about 1930. Now, it is used mainly as beef cattle because it is a cross between Hereford breed or a Shorthorn cow breed with a Brahman.
No wonder the cows end up being so bulky and perfect for beef. 18. Gelbvieh via Lost River Livestock This cow was originally produced to be a three for one to anyone that owned this breed. The original purpose was to raise these animals to work the land, produce dairy, and also produce beef. However, now, most cows in this breed are usually used strictly to produce beef. They are big and look to produce quite a bit of meat.
19. Dexter via Jennifer Mackenzie If you haven’t noticed most breeds of cattle that are produced in Europe have been pretty large cows. This breed is actually one of the smallest of the European produced breeds. In fact, the Dexter breed is about half the size of a Hereford and less than half the size of Friesian. So if you’d prefer a smaller breed cow, then you might want to check into this breed.
20. Piedmontese via Paus This is another Italian breed of cattle. They have an interesting back story. Many years ago a breed of cattle that originated in Pakistan began to migrate into Italy. Because of the mountainous terrain they weren’t able to go any farther. So they ended up breeding with the native cattle and from that this breed was formed. They are used in Italy to produce specialty cheeses and are considered a delicacy with meat as well.
21. Watusi Oklahoma State University I love the name and look of this cow. They have large horns that stick almost straight out of their heads which make them interesting in appearance. However, these cows are great for multiple purposes. Because they produce smaller babies, the males are used to breed a heifer that has never had a baby before. Their milk is also about 10% fat so a lot of farmers like this for dairy production or to breed with another dairy breed for good milk production and content.
22. White Park via Wikipedia This is definitely a larger breed of cattle. The heifers usually weigh in around 1400 pounds. While the bulls can be up to 2200 pounds. But this breed is obviously so treasured in the meat industry because of the high quality of meat they produce. 23. Santa Gertrudis via Britannica This was actually the first beef breed to be formed in the United States. It is a mixed breed that contains both Brahman and Shorthorn.
So if you are looking for an approved beef breed within the United States, this might be a good breed to check into. 24. Braford via The Cattle Site If you haven’t already noticed, if you are going to have a beef breed of cow, then you will most likely end up with one that has both Brahman and Shorthorn or Hereford. Well, this breed is a cross between a Brahman and a Hereford breed. It is used for beef and judging by the large stature, you should get plenty of meat.
25. English Longhorn via Wikipedia The English Longhorn is another breed of beef cattle. They are large cows that are known for producing lean beef. But what makes this breed stand out is its long, curved horns. They curve around their face almost like pigtails. 26. Beefalo via The Cattle Site Do you like the way bison burger tastes? If so, then you might want to consider this breed of cattle.
It is actually a cross breed between a domesticated cow and a bison. So if you’d like meat that tastes a little different than your average beef, then you might want to consider raising this breed of cattle. 27. North Devon via That's Farming Though this cow is quite large, don’t let it fool you. They are actually known for many wonderful characteristics, one of those being their docile nature.
Also, they are known for being quite fertile, birthing easily, great at foraging, and they are also hearty animals that can adapt to different temperatures. 28. Senepol via Senepol Cattle Breeders Association This breed has developed into a great choice for beef, but they did not get an easy start when they were first developed in St. Croix. As a matter of fact, when these cows were originally produced it was for meat for those on the island.
The cows that didn’t meet the standard the farmers set, were quickly killed. The farmers only reproduced the genes that they knew would work in the, often harsh, St. Croix environment. 29. Maine-Anjou via Maine-Anjou Verband When this cow was first produced, again, people wanted an animal that could do more than one thing. At first, this breed was supposed to produce both dairy and beef. Now, it still could do this today if you desire.
But most people who raise this breed use it only for beef. 30. Red Poll via Belvoir Ridge Creamery According to my research, it is very difficult to find a breed of cow that will make their owners a profit year after year in the beef industry. But this breed, apparently, has been making people money from their beef since they made their way to the states over 130 years ago. That means they must produce some seriously high quality beef! So you now have 30 different breeds of cows that you can take into consideration before taking the plunge into raising cattle.
But I’d like to know, why do you want to raise cattle? If you already raise cattle, what breed do you use? Why? We love hearing from you so please leave us your comments in the space below.See Also: Process Of Milk From Cow To Store
Its tough to discern the reality with regard to the nutritional well being dietary supplements out there currently. How will you know which from the dietary vitamin supplements to select while in the industry? This article solutions these crucial issues and features some top quality alternatives for top supplements available on the market right now which have been usually only out there to consumers via medical doctor workplaces.
Discover concerning the many diverse sports diet supplements available and exactly how they will improve your sporting performance
Whether you live in a suburban or rural location, if you’re interested in preparing for the worst or you simply want to be as self-sufficient as possible, keeping chickens is a great way to free your family from some of their dependence on the supermarket. Just think of how often you make a trip to the store just to get eggs, and now imagine having your own laying hens producing eggs right in your backyard.
Keeping a few chickens is really a no-brainer for anyone living in the country or on a rural farmstead, but if you live in a suburban or even an urban area, you may still be able to keep a few. Simply check your local city and/or homeowner’s association ordinances. Although roosters are explicitly banned in most urban areas, a lot of cities and towns still allow families to keep a certain number of laying hens, usually between 3 – 6 birds or more.
If you’re interested purely in egg production, some of the best breeds for eggs include: The Leghorn is a light-weight egg-laying champion originally bred and raised in Tuscany, Italy. Prolific egg layers, these birds come in black, white and a range of brown shades; hens lay an average of 280 eggs a year, with some hens producing as many as 300 – 320 eggs in a year. Leghorn eggshells are white, with hens maturing quickly to begin laying as early as 6 months old, but they are a shyer, more flighty breed.
The Orloff originally hailed from Persia, but was popularized by the efforts of, and named after, a Russian count: Alexei Orlov. With their range of colors and exceptional egg laying capability, these robust birds grow to a healthy weight of 6 – 9 pounds and are most notable for their hardiness and general resistance to cold. For survivalists, homesteaders or families who live in more northern reaches, the Orloff is an excellent, hardy breed; a reliable egg-layer with decent potential as a meat bird if necessary.
Ancona hens are excellent, compact egg-layers, with adult hens reaching 4 – 5 lbs. and cocks only ~6 lbs. Capable of reliably laying 250 – 300 eggs a year, this breed lays a large, white egg. Ancona chickens are also a hardy breed, capable of adapting to hot and cold temperature extremes, as well as tolerant of some humidity. Aside from great egg-laying breeds, however, chickens also taste great and they are one of the most affordable of all meats to raise.
Raising chickens is also fairly easy, especially if you have the space to let them free range, so if meat-production is what you’re most interested in here are some of the best breeds to consider: The Cornish Cross and related hybrids are a very popular breed of broiler chicken. Capable of reaching a slaughter weight of 6 lbs. in as little as 5 – 8 weeks from hatching due to their super-fast growth rate, this is the breed of choice amongst commercial producers and they far outpace most other meat breeds and all dual-purpose breeds.
Due to their exceptional rate of growth, the activity level of this breed is very low. The Bresse breed of chickens, a sizeable white bird with distinctive blue feet, is a very popular (and expensive) breed of chicken raised in France. Although initial breeding stock may be hard to come by, Bresse are prized for the tenderness and richer flavor of their meat. A closely related breed that is more easily obtained is the Blue Foot breed of chickens bred by a group of Canadians who obtained original Bresse stock from France.
For those who want the best of both worlds, there are a number of utility breeds that serve well as both laying hens and meat birds. Some of the most common dual-purpose breeds to keep are: Orpington chickens are great egg layers and the hens are notoriously good for brooding and hatching chicks. Distinctively fluffy looking with their mass of feathers, Orpington chickens come in a variety of colors, including white, buff, black, blue and other shades.
They lay medium to large-sized, brown eggs, with a steady production of 175 – 200 or more eggs per year. Traditionally, Orpington hens were said to lay as many as 320+ eggs per year, but generations of breeding for show and looks rather than utility has detracted from some of the egg-laying capability of this breed. Adult hens and cocks range in weight from 7 – 10 lbs. or more. They can also tolerate cold, but don’t handle rain well.
Finally, Orpington hens make excellent brood mothers and can be used to hatch the eggs of other hens, ducks and fowl. The Rhode Island Red is a prolific egg-laying dual-purpose breed, with hens laying anywhere from 200 – 300 large, brown eggs per year based on the quality of their feed. Hens and cocks range in weight from 6 – 9 lbs., and although the girls can sometimes be a bit aloof, most reds are friendly birds, well-suited to a small backyard flock.
When breeding Rhode Island Reds it’s important to remember that the awesome egg-laying capabilities of this breed are passed down via the father. The Plymouth Rock, also commonly known as a Barred Rock after their most common color pattern, is another popular dual-purpose breed. Most sub-types of the Plymouth Rock are reliable egg-layers who will produce throughout winter, albeit with a decrease of production during the coldest months.
Eggs from Plymouth Rock hens are large and range in color from dark to light brown. As meat birds, hens weigh an average of 7 – 8 lbs. or more, with grown males weighting 8 ½ – 9 lbs. or more. Plymouth Rock hens also make excellent brood hens and mothers, so they are excellent for hatching chicks. New Hampshire Red hens are reliable egg producers, laying anywhere from 180 – 250 eggs per year or more.
As a medium-sized bird, this breed is the result of selective breeding of Rhode Island Red chickens. New Hampshire reds reach maturity very quickly, and at an average of 6 ½ – 8 lbs. they are suitable for broiling and roasting as well as other standard uses. In larger flocks, New Hampshire reds may display more competitiveness and aggression toward other hens. Whether you have 40 sq. feet or 4000 sq.
feet, a mixed flock of laying hens and meat-birds is a great way to start freeing you and your family from dependence. In addition to producing meat and eggs, feathers can also be harvested at slaughter time for use in quilting, pillow stuffing, jackets and many other common uses. Best of all, you’ll get to enjoy the companionship of your new feathered friends as well as save yourself a bundle of money.
This article has been written by Gaia Rady for Survivopedia. List of Hatcheries in US