If you’re a regular Dr. Axe reader, you might have noticed that, even though it’s one of the most popular drinks out there, I’m not a big advocate of cow milk. For example, is milk helping or hurting your bones? Also, this dairy drink can be a challenge for our bodies to digest. For some people, it’s even more inflammatory than gluten. But I don’t stay away from milk altogether. In fact, goat milk is one of my favorites drinks.
Read on to learn why this drink is far superior than its cow counterpart. Goat Milk Nutrition Will Surprise You While it’s not very popular in the Western world, goat milk is actually one of the most widely consumed milk drinks in the rest of the world and with good reason — it tastes great and it’s chock-full of nutrients. Just check out all that one glass of goat milk has to offer. (1) Calories: 168 Saturated Fat: 6.
5 grams / 33 percent DV* Carbohydrates: 11 grams / 4 percent DV Protein: 10.9 grams / 4 percent DV Cholesterol: 27 milligrams / 9 percent DV Sugars: 11 grams Sodium: 12 milligrams / 5 percent DV Minerals Calcium: 327 milligrams / 33 percent DV Phosphorous: 271 milligrams / 27 percent DV Magnesium: 34.2 milligrams / 9 percent DV Potassium: 498 milligrams / 14 percent DV Copper: 0.1 milligrams / 6 percent DV Zinc: 0.
7 milligrams / 5 percent DV Vitamins *Recommended Daily Value Goat Milk Benefits 1. It’s easier to digest. While the fat content of cow and goat milk is similar, the fat globules in goat milk are smaller, making it easier for your body to digest. (2) Once it reaches your stomach, the protein in goat milk forms a softer curd than cow milk — only about 2 percent of goat milk is curd, compared to about 10 percent in cow milk — helping your body digest it with less irritation than cow milk.
Goat milk is also lower in lactose, or milk sugars, than cow milk. Because many people aren’t as lactose intolerant as they believe — or simply have trouble digesting cow milk and aren’t actually allergic to lactose — goat milk can be a viable option. (3) 2. It has fewer allergenic proteins and causes less inflammation. Most people who are intolerant of cow milk are actually sensitive to one of the proteins found in it, A1 casein, and lack the ability to digest A1.
Additionally, cow milk is the number one allergy among children and can persist throughout adulthood. That’s because it contains more than 20 different allergens (including A1 casein) that can cause allergic reactions — often confused for seasonal allergy symptoms — which can range from hives and runny noses to abdominal cramping and colic in babies. (4, 5) So what’s the big deal with A1 casein? This protein is highly inflammatory for some people, and inflammation is at the root of most diseases.
A1 casein can contribute to gastrointestinal issues like irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s, leaky gut and colitis — and some less obvious problems, like acne, autoimmune diseases and skin issues like eczema. (6, 7, 8) While there are some cows who don’t produce A1 casein, namely Jersey and Guernsey cows, the majority of bovines in the U.S., Western Europe and Australia are Holstein and Fresian, which are A1 casein producers.
On the contrary, milk that contains mostly or exclusively A2 casein produces none of these inflammatory effects. Goat milk contains only A2 casein, making it, protein-wise, the closest milk to human breast milk. (9) In fact, one study suggests that goat milk, when used as the first protein after breastfeeding, is less allergenic for babies than cow milk. (10) 3. It’s high in calcium and fatty acids but low in cholesterol.
While cow milk is often touted as one of the main calcium-rich foods, there’s no need to worry about not getting enough of calcium when switching to goat milk. It’s actually richer in the mineral, with about 33 percent of the daily recommended value versus 28 percent in cow milk. Goat milk also has high levels medium-chain fatty acids — 30–35 percent as opposed to 15–20 percent in cow milk.
These fatty acids provide an energy boost that isn’t stored as body fat, help lower cholesterol, and can even help treat conditions like coronary diseases and intestinal disorders. (11, 12, 13) But wait, there’s more! Goat milk helps increase “good” cholesterol levels while reducing the bad ones. In fact, it’s got healing properties similar to olive oil and is recommended for keeping high cholesterol in check.
(14) 4. It keeps skin looking good. The fatty acids and triglycerides found in goat milk not only keep your insides running smoothly, but they help you look great on the outside, too. Their moisturizing qualities help keep skin baby soft. Goat milk also has high levels of vitamin A, which can improve your complexion, fight acne and improve overall skin health. In fact, it should be considered one of the home remedies for acne.
The lactic acid found in goat milk helps rid your body of dead skin cells and brighten skin tone; no more pasty face! (15) Because goat milk has a pH level similar to humans, it’s absorbed by the skin with less irritation and helps keep bacteria at bay (goodbye, pimples!). 5. It absorbs nutrients and minerals better than cows’ milk. Moo-ve over, cows. While goat and cow milk might rank similarly for mineral content, goat milk might still be the winner.
That’s because early studies have found that nutrients like iron, calcium, magnesium and phosphorous were more easily digested and used by the body in goat milk than cow milk. Because of the bioavailability of these minerals, goat milk also looks promising for treatment of nutritional deficiencies like anemia and bone demineralization. (16) In addition, it can help address all-too-common iron deficiency and magnesium deficiency.
In fact, researchers suggest that goat milk should be consumed regularly by individuals with malabsorption issues, anemia, osteoporosis or prolonged treatments with iron supplements. Regularly consuming goat milk enhances the body’s ability to use iron and boosts regeneration of hemoglobin, making it a safe and natural way to treat osteoporosis and combat anemia. Its high levels of zinc and selenium also help prevent neurodegenerative diseases.
Goat Milk vs. Cow Milk So how does goat milk stack up against cow milk? Take a peek at our cheat sheet: Goat Milk Pros:When you look at how your digestive system works, you can see how a gut problem like leaky gut can so easily crop up. Fortunately, goat milk is easily digestible by the body, making it a great option for those with gastrointestinal problems. Goat milk is also better tolerated by those with lactose issues and doesn’t cause inflammation the way cow milk can.
It’s also a great option for children once they’ve moved past breastfeeding, as it contains fewer allergens than cow milk. Cons:Because it’s not as common, goat milk can be substantially more expensive than cow milk, causing sticker shock at the onset. Raw goat milk, the best for you, can be difficult to find outside of health food stores and farmers markets. The taste and smell might not also be pleasing to everyone, particularly those raised with cow milk.
Cow Milk Pros:Regular cow milk is cheap and can be found everywhere. If you manage to get your hands on A2 casein cows’ milk from Jersey and Guernsey cows, you can enjoy many of the benefits enjoyed by goat milk drinkers, an excellent option for those who just can’t get used to the taste of goat milk. For people who can’t give up their cow milk, I highly recommend raw milk over pasteurized milk.
The raw milk benefits include skin health, fewer allergies and weight loss. Cons:A2 cow milk is difficult to come by in many areas and usually has the price tag to prove it. And whether it’s A1 or A2, cow milk is still more difficult for the body to digest, taking hours versus about 30 minutes with goat milk. For those with cow milk allergies — and this is a big group — this type of milk just isn’t an option.
If you have any gastrointestinal issues, leaky gut or irritable bowel syndrome, you might want to keep away from cow milk anyway. If you want to find out if you have such a problem, take my leaky gut test to find out. But What About Sheep’s Milk? There is another animal contender on the milk block — sheep. This creamy milk is quite similar to goats’ milk; in fact, in many cases, it’s healthier.
One cup of sheep milk contains more calcium, carbohydrates and protein than its goat counterpart. Sheep milk is also higher in many vitamins and minerals like vitamin B12, vitamin C, folate and magnesium than both goat and cow milk. (17) Like goats’ milk, sheep’s milk is easily digestible by the body, thanks to small fat globules that make it easier on your digestive tract. It contains similar levels of short- and medium-chain fatty acids as goat milk, so it’s less irritating.
And those who can’t get used to the taste of goat milk might prefer sheep milk; it’s less tangy. (18, 19, 20) So why isn’t everyone gulping down sheep milk? Its high fat content is a turnoff for many. While the fats are mainly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated (i.e. good-for-you fats), one cup contains almost double the amount as cow and goat milk, a concern for those watching their fat intake.
Sheep milk is much harder to find as well. While goat milk is slowly making its way onto supermarket shelves, your best bet for buying sheep milk is still your local farmers’ market. If you are able to buy it, you can freeze sheep milk and unfreeze as needed; the flavor will remain the same. Can’t get your hands on sheep milk? Eat your cheese! Some of the most popular Mediterranean types, like feta, Rocquefort, Manchego, Pecorino Romano and ricotta are all made from the animal.
Sheep yogurt is also becoming more popular; keep your eyes peeled for that in stores. What’s the Right Type of Goat Milk for You? If you’re ready to add goat milk to your family’s diet, you have several options. For the optimal benefits, I recommend drinking raw goat milk. You can usually find this at your local farmers’ market or at health food stores. Similar to raw milk benefits from a cow, drinking raw goat milk ensures you get the most benefits of this nutritious drink.
If raw goat milk isn’t available in your area, there are other options available, mainly in fermented products. These increase good bacteria to keep you healthy and support nutrient absorption in the gut. One of my favorite fermented products is kefir and kefir benefits are pretty widespread, including helping leaky gut and boosting immunity. Indeed, this milk drink can boost your body’s immunity against disease, build bone density, protect against allergies and even improve lactose intolerance.
Be sure to purchase goat milk kefir to get goat’s great benefits, as cow and sheep versions are sold as well. Drink kefir solo or add it to your favorite dishes that call for yogurt. If liquid goat milk isn’t your thing, fermented goat milk yogurt might be a good substitute. The probiotics benefits present in goat milk yogurt help support healthy digestion, lower your risk of diabetes, support weight and fat loss, and reduce high blood pressure.
Try it with fruit or granola for a healthy breakfast or snack. Soft, raw goat cheeses are also packed with probiotics and available in all 50 states. Spread it on a cracker or nibble it solo to get all the health benefits in a tasty way. Cooking With Goat Milk Are you ready to take the goat milk plunge and incorporate it into your diet? If you’re nervous about the flavor for drinking it straight, start with chilled goat milk, which has a less pronounced “goaty” flavor.
When you’re ready to start using goat milk in your favorite recipes, there are few things to keep in mind. Goat milk can essentially be used as a replacement for cow milk in any recipe. However, when it’s heated or processed in any way, there is a distinct “goat” flavor. Those who are long-time fans of the milk might not mind, but it could be a turnoff for newbies. Goats’ milk is especially tasty in dessert recipes, as it gives your favorite sweets a creamy, melt-in-your-mouth texture.
It’s also great in smoothies: combine your favorite fruits and leafy greens, throw in a dash of goat milk and blend. Looking for some recipes that use goats’ milk? Here are some that I enjoy: While each individual’s health needs will vary, I believe that goat milk and its related products can help almost everyone who wants a drink that’s full of vitamins and nutrients and protects — instead of working against — gut health and digestion.
Give it a try soon! Read Next: 7 Kefir Benefits and Nutrition Facts From the sound of it, you might think leaky gut only affects the digestive system, but in reality it can affect more. Because Leaky Gut is so common, and such an enigma, I’m offering a free webinar on all things leaky gut. Click here to learn more about the webinar.See Also: Best Milking Cow
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Milk and milk alternatives Not too long ago, the only thing you could expect to drown your cereal in was whole cow’s milk. Now, cow’s milk comes in all sorts of varieties: whole milk, 2 percent, 1 percent, skim (fat-free), and even lactose-free milk. For people with dietary or allergy concerns, there are also alternatives to cow's milk. Almond, soy, rice, and coconut “milk” are popular plant-based milk alternatives.
They’re becoming even more available in stores across the United States. Goat’s milk is less common in stores in the United States, but is another good choice for some people. Each type of milk has its advantages and disadvantages, depending on a person’s diet, health, nutritional needs, or personal taste preferences. For example, people in key development years — children older than two years, teens, and pregnant women — need proteins, vitamin D, and calcium.
These are abundant in cow’s milk. On the other hand, people who need to watch their calories or saturated fat intake, such as for weight reasons or heart health problems, should look to other options. Whole cow’s milk contains more calories and saturated fat than any other milk, aside from goat’s milk. Look at the differences in these popular types of milks to determine which best suits your needs.
With all varieties, choose the unsweetened versions. Milk and milk alternatives can double their amount of sugar if they are sweetened with added sugars. Milk and milk alternatives: Nutrition comparison per 8 fluid ounces Cow’s milk Whole milk is cow's milk with none of the fat removed. One cup contains about: 150 calories 12 grams of carbohydrates in the form of lactose (milk sugar) 8 grams of fat 8 grams of protein None of the milk’s natural components are removed.
That means whole milk is high in natural proteins, fat, and calcium. Milk sold in the United States is usually fortified with vitamin A and vitamin D, as well. Other cow’s milk has the same amount of carbohydrates and protein, with some or all of the fat removed. While whole milk has 150 calories in one cup, 1 percent milk has 110 calories, and skim milk has just 80 calories. Fat-free milk has all of the nutritional benefits of whole milk — protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals — without the saturated fat and calories.
However, absorption of some vitamins may be reduced due to the lack of fat. Lactose-free milk is processed to break down lactose, a natural sugar found in milk products. Lactose-free milk is also a good source of protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals. The total and saturated fat contents of lactose-free milk vary, as it comes in 2 percent, 1 percent, and fat-free varieties. Pros of cow’s milk Whole milk can provide essential proteins, extra calories from fats, as well as vitamins and minerals for infants and older adults.
Lactose-free versions are available for people who have a lactose intolerance. Cow’s milk, including grass-fed and low-heat pasteurized options, is widely available in grocery stores and convenience stores. Cons of cow’s milk The versions that aren’t fat-free are higher in saturated fats and calories. The protein in cow’s milk is a common allergen for babies, children, and adults. Some people have ethical concerns about modern dairy farming practices.
Almond milk Almond milk is made from ground almonds and filtered water. It may also contain starches and thickeners to improve its consistency and shelf life. People who are allergic to almonds or nuts should avoid almond milk. Almond milk is lower in calories than other milks, as long as it is unsweetened. It’s also free of saturated fat, and it’s naturally lactose-free. Per cup, unsweetened almond milk has: about 30 to 60 calories 1 gram of carbohydrates (sweetened varieties have more) 3 grams of fat 1 gram of protein Even though almonds are a good source of protein, almond milk is not.
Almond milk is also not a good source of calcium. However, many brands of almond milk are supplemented with calcium and vitamin D. Pros of almond milk It’s low in calories and contains no saturated fat. It’s a good source of vitamin A and can be fortified to be a good source of calcium and vitamin D. It’s vegan and naturally lactose-free. Cons of almond milk It’s not a good source of protein.
It may contain carrageenan, which may cause digestive issues in some people. There are some environmental concerns about the amount of water used to cultivate almonds. Soy milk is made from soybeans and filtered water. Like other plant-based milk alternatives, it may contain thickeners to improve consistency and shelf life. One cup of unsweetened soy milk has: about 80 to 100 calories 4 grams of carbohydrate (sweetened varieties have more) 4 grams of fat 7 grams of protein Because it comes from plants, soy milk is naturally free of cholesterol and low in saturated fat.
It also contains no lactose. Soybeans and soy milk are a good source of protein, calcium (when fortified), and potassium. Probiotic or fermented soy milk is also available. It’s an even better choice, especially for people with high blood pressure. However, too much soy may be a problem for people with thyroid disease or other conditions. And a 2008 Harvard study showed that higher intakes of soy-based foods caused fertility problems and lower sperm counts.
Soy is also a common allergen. People who are allergic to soy should not drink soy milk. Pros of soy milk It’s a good source of protein, vitamin A, vitamin B-12, potassium, and isoflavones, plus it can be fortified with calcium and vitamin D. It contains as much protein as cow's milk, yet is lower in calories than whole milk and about equal to the calories in 1 percent or 2 percent milk. It contains very little saturated fat.
Cons of soy milk Soy is a common allergen for both adults and children. Too much soy may be a problem for people with thyroid conditions. Most of the soy produced in the United States comes from genetically modified plants, which is a concern to some. Read more: Is soy good for you? » Rice milk is made from milled rice and water. As with other alternative milks, it frequently contains additives to improve consistency and shelf stability.
It’s the least likely of all of milk products to cause allergies. That makes it a good choice for people with lactose intolerance or allergies to milk, soy, or nuts. Rice milk contains the most carbohydrate per cup, providing about: 120 calories 22 grams of carbohydrate 2 grams of fat little protein (less than 1 gram) While rice milk can be fortified with calcium and vitamin D, it’s not a natural source of either, just like soy and almond milks.
Rice has also been shown to have higher levels of inorganic arsenic. The Food and Drug Administration recommends not relying solely on rice and rice products, especially for infants, children, and pregnant women. The American Academy of Pediatrics takes a similar stance, suggesting to be sure to focus on variety of foods and to avoid depending on just rice or rice products. Pros of rice milk It’s the least allergenic of milk alternatives.
It can be fortified to be a good source of calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D. Rice milk is naturally sweeter than other milk alternatives. Cons of rice milk It’s high in carbohydrates, so it’s the least desirable choice for people with diabetes. It’s not a good source of protein. Eating too much of a rice product may pose a health risk for infants and children due to inorganic arsenic levels.
Coconut milk Coconut milk is made from filtered water and coconut cream, which is made from grated mature coconut flesh. In spite of its name, coconut is not actually a nut, so people with nut allergies should be able to eat it safely. Coconut milk is more accurately referred to as “coconut milk beverage” because it’s a more diluted product than the type of coconut milk used in cooking, which usually is sold in cans.
As with other plant-based milk alternatives, coconut milk often contains added thickeners and other ingredients. Coconut milk contains more fat than the other milk alternatives, and nearly all of it is saturated. Each cup of unsweetened coconut milk beverage contains: about 50 calories 2 grams of carbohydrates 5 grams of fat 0 grams of protein Coconut milk beverage does not naturally contain calcium, vitamin A, or vitamin D.
However, it can be fortified with these nutrients. Coconut products have become more popular in recent years, partly because they contain medium-chain triglycerides, a type of fat. Some research suggests this type of saturated fat may actually help with weight loss. However, saturated fats in general are associated with increased risk of heart problems, so further research is needed. Pros of coconut milk It rarely causes allergies.
It can be fortified to be a good source of calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D. The fat in it may actually promote weight loss. Cons of coconut milk It’s high in saturated fat. It’s not a good source of protein. It may contain carrageenan, which may cause digestive issues in some people.