Dairy cow farming means ‘raising highly milk productive cows commercially for milk production purpose’. It’s absolutely a part of agriculture or animal husbandry, enterprise for long term milk production from cows. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not a new idea. People are raising dairy cows for milk production from the ancient time. Dairy cow farming business is still a profitable business venture throughout the world.
There are numerous new and established dairy cow farms available around the world. Here we are describing more about the advantages of dairy cow farming business, and the necessary steps for starting this profitable business. Advantages of Commercial Dairy Cow Farming BusinessThere are numerous advantages of starting commercial dairy cow farming business. Here we are shortly describing the main advantages of this business.
Milk and milk products have a huge demand throughout the world. This is the main advantages of starting dairy cow farming business. Nowadays, dairy industry is one of the most appealing sectors all over the world. Demands of milk will never reduce, it will increase gradually in accordance with current population growth. Even both vegetarians and non-vegetarians drink milk. You don’t have to worry about marketing the products.
Because it is among the traditional business and you will be able to sell your products easily. Dairy cow farming business doesn’t pollute the environment, it’s eco-friendly. You can start dairy production by using your family labor. It’s a good idea to properly utilize your family labor. Proper business plan and good care and management can ensure maximum profits. So it can be a great source of income and employment for the unemployed educated young.
There are numerous highly productive dairy cows available throughout the world. You can choose any breed depending on your area and business purpose. Commercial dairy cow farming business requires high capital or investment. If you don’t have enough money for investing, then you can apply for bank loans. Many govt. or non-govt. banks will allow you loans for starting this business. Along with profits, you can ensure nutrition for your family members through setting up commercial dairy cow farming business.
How to Start Dairy Cow Farming Business?Starting dairy cow farming business is not so easy. You have to go through some step by step process for making high profits from this business. Here we are shortly describing the main steps for starting a profitable dairy cow farming business. The staring process includes selecting proper breeds, housing, feeding, care & management and marketing. Also consider the followings while starting this business.
First of all, try to determine the purpose of your farm. Why do you want to start dairy cow farming business? Do you have enough facilities for raising cows? Do you have enough time to care of your cows? Can you manage all the facilities required for the cows? It will be better, if you can visit some commercial dairy cow farms in your area. Try to understand the methods that your local farmers are using for raising dairy cows.
Consult with the vet, and discuss about the possibilities of dairy cow farming in your area. It will be better if you can spend a few days in an established farm. You will be able to learn more about this business from the farmers. Ensure that ‘you can provide the cows nutritious food throughout the year’. Visit your local market to learn more about the feeding costs. If you want to produce foods by your own, then try to reserve some foods for cold or rainy seasons.
In case of large scale commercial farms, employ experienced people. You can also train your workers based on the type of your farm. In case of marketing, try to sell your products in your local market. It will reduce marketing or transportation costs. Dairy Cow BreedsThere are numerous dairy cow breeds available throughout the world. You can choose any depending on your area, local facilities and your production purpose.
Some famous and popular dairy cow breeds are Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Gir, Holstein Friesian, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Tharparkar etc. Consider your weather, local facilities and market demand of dairy products while selecting breeds for your dairy cow farming business. HousingFor keeping your cows healthy, productive and diseases free, good housing is very important.
Provide your cows required space inside the house depending on the breeds. Usually 80 square feet open space and 40 square feet space inside the house is required per cow. Although it may vary depending on the size of the breed. Make proper ventilation system, and ensure sufficient flow of fresh air and light inside the house. Concrete house is very suitable for the cows. FeedingGood foods ensure good health and maximum production.
So always try to provide your cows adequate amount of high quality and nutritious foods to ensure proper growth and good health. Forages, which refer especially to hay or straw, are the most common type of feed used for raising dairy cows. For fulfilling energy demands, add cereal grains to the dairy cow’s feed. Greens help to maximize milk production. So add greens as much as possible to their regular foods.
Greens also help to reduce feeding costs. Alfalfa, timothy, clover etc. are considered as good greens for dairy cows. If possible, make a grazing place or pasture for your cows. Along with adequate nutritious foods, ensure availability of adequate amount of clean and fresh water. Dairy cows require more water than any other animals. Because they are mainly raised for their milk production, and their milk contain a large amount of water.
Usually a dairy cow require about 5 liters of water for producing 1 liter milk. So provide them sufficient amount of water according to their demand. Care & ManagementTaking good care and proper management is the main step to be successful in any animal husbandry business. So always try to take good care of your cows. Feed them nutritious food and provide sufficient amount of clean and fresh water.
Vaccinate them timely, so that you can keep them free from all types of diseases or illness. If possible, always stock some necessary drugs. Keep their house clean and wash the cow regularly. MilkingSelect a calm and quiet place for milking your cows. It will be better, if you can manage a separate room for the cow for milking. You can both hand milk the cows and use machines for milking. Ensure you have good practices to make your cows as comfortable as possible during the time you are milking them.
MarketingIt will be better, if you set your marketing strategies before starting this business. Although dairy products have a huge demand throughout the world. There are many companies also available in many areas. You can try your local market. Every business has some advantages and disadvantages. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not an exception. As dairy farming business is an old business idea, so it has many advantages compared to it’s disadvantages.
But no doubt it’s a profitable business. For running a successful dairy cow farming business, always take good care of your animals.See Also: Did You Milk My Cow Song
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Cattle is the most important among the domestic animals. Cattle farming is very profitable, easy to maintain and a traditional business. But for getting better profit from cattle farming business, you must have to select suitable and productive cattle breeds for for your farm. There are many cattle breeds available around the world. Some of those cattle breeds are highly milk productive and some are highly meat productive.
And some cattle are famous for both milk and meat production. The cattle breeds are classified below on the basis of their origin and production purpose. On the Basis of Production: According to the effectiveness and production of milk and meat, the cattle breeds are of four types. Milk Breed: This types of cattle breed become highly milk productive. Some famous milk productive cattle breeds are holstein friesian, sahiwal, jersey, red sindhi, brown swiss, ayrshire etc.
Beef Breed: This breeds are very famous for their meat production. Highly meat productive cattle breeds are angus, beefmaster, brahman, devon, shorthorn, hallikar etc. Both Milk and Beef Productive: This type of cattle breeds are popular for both milk and beef production. Haryana, tharparkar, red pool, kankrej, milking shorthorn etc. are famous for both milk and beef production. Draft Breed: The bull of this types of cattle breed are very suitable for hard working.
Some important draft cattle breeds are haryana, amritmahal, malvi, krishna valley, bhagnari etc. On the Basis of Origin: The cattle breeds on the basis of origination are of three types which are described below. Deshi Breed: This type of cattle breeds are local breeds. They are very calm and quite in nature and medium sized. Their body colors are different from each to another. They produce less milk and beef than other breeds, but suitable for small scale family farming.
Red Chittagong is a famous deshi cattle breed. Foreign Breed: This types of cattle breeds were originated from different parts of the world. Sahiwal, holstein friesian, jersey, red sindhi, haryana, ayrshire etc. are famous foreign cattle breed. Hybrid Breed: Hybrid cattle breed were made through the artificial insemination of different types of cattle. For example inseminating Holstein Friesian cow with sahiwal bull creates a high productive hybrid cattle.
A list of popular and famous breeds of cattle around the world are listed below. List of Cattle Breeds Name Origin Purpose Abondance France Milk, meat Adaptaur Australia Meat Afrikaner South Africa Meat Agerolese Italy Milk Alambadi India Draught Albera France, Spain Meat American Milking Devon United States Milk, meat, draught Anatolian Black Turkey Milk, meat, draught Andalusian Black Spain Meat Angus Scotland Meat Ankole-Watusi East Africa Milk, meat, draught, show Argentine Criollo Argentina Milk, meat Armorican France Milk, meat Arouquesa Portugal Milk, meat Asturian Valley Spain Milk, meat Aubrac France Milk, meat Australian Braford Australia Meat Ayrshire Scotland Milk Bargur India Milk, draught Barzona United States Meat Bazadaise France Meat Belgian Blue Belgium Milk, meat Belgian Red Belgium Milk, meat Belmont Red Australia Meat Belted Galloway Scotland Meat Blaarkop Netherlands Milk Black Hereford England Meat Blonde d’Aquitaine France Meat Boran Eastern Africa Meat Brahman India Milk, meat, draught Brangus United States Meat Braunvieh Switzerland Milk, meat Brava France Meat Brown Swiss India Milk, meat, draught Burlina Italy Milk Busa Dinaric Alps Milk, meat, draught Cachena Portugal/Spain Milk, meat, draught Camargue France Meat, draught, sport Canadian Speckle Park Canada Meat Canadienne Canada Milk, meat Canchim Brazil Meat Caracu Brazil Milk, meat, draught Casta France Milk, meat Charolais France Meat, draught Chianina Italy Meat, draught Chinese Black Pied China Milk Corriente Spain Milk, meat, draught, sport Corsican France Meat Dangi India Milk, draught Danish Red Denmark Milk, meat Deoni India Devon England Milk, meat Dexter Ireland Milk, meat Dhanni Pakistan Milk, meat, draught Droughtmaster Australia Meat Dutch Belted Netherlands Milk, meat English Longhorn England Milk, meat Evolene Switzerland Milk Finn Finland Milk, meat Fjall Sweden Milk, meat Fleckvieh Austria Milk, meat Florida Cracker United States Meat French Simmental France Milk, meat Galloway Scotland Meat, draught Gangatiri India Milk, draught Gaolao India Milk, draught Gascon France Meat, draught Gelbvieh Germany Milk, meat, draught German Angus Germany Meat Gir India Dairy Glan Germany Milk, meat, draught Gloucester England Milk, meat, draught Greek Shorthorn Greece Milk, meat Halikar India Draught Haryana India Milk, draught Hays Converter Canada Meat Heck Germany Science Hereford England Meat Herens Switzerland Meat, cow fighting Highland Scotland Meat Hinterwald Germany Milk, meat Holando-Argentino Argentina Milk, meat Holstein Friesian Netherlands Milk Hungarian Grey Hungary Meat, draught Icelandic Iceland Milk Illawarra Australia Milk, meat Irish Moiled Ireland Milk, meat Istoben Kirov region Milk, meat Jamaica Hope Jamaica Milk Jersey Channel Islands Milk Jutland Denmark Milk, meat Kankrej India Draught Kangayam India Draught Kazakh Whiteheaded Kazakhstan, Russia Milk, meat Kenkatha India Draught Kerry Ireland Milk, meat Kherigarh India Draught Khillari India Draught Kostroma Russia Milk, meat Krishna Valley India Milk, draught Kuri Africa Milk, meat, draught Lourdais France Milk, meat, draught Lowline Australia Meat Luing Scotland Meat Lohani Pakistan Meat, draught Lithuanian Red Lithuania Meat Lincoln Red United Kingdom Meat Limousin France Meat, draught Limia Spain Milk, meat, draught Lebedyn Ukraine Milk Latvian Brown Latvia Milk, meat Madura Indonesia Milk, meat, draught, racing Maine-Anjou France Milk, meat, draught Malnad Gidda India Milk, draught Malvi India Draught Marchigiana Italy Meat, draught Maremmana Italy Milk, meat, draught Maronesa Portugal Milk, meat, draught Mewati India Milk, draught Milking Shorthorn Great Britain Milk, meat Mirandesa Portugal Meat, draught Mongolian China Meat, draught Montbéliarde France Milk, meat Murboden Austria Milk, meat, draught Murnau-Werdenfels Germany Milk Murray Grey Australia Meat Nagori India Draught N’dama Guinea Milk, meat Nelore India Meat, draught Nguni Africa Milk, meat Nimari India Draught Normande France Milk, meat Norwegian Red Norway Milk, meat Ongole India Meat, draught Pajuna Spain Meat, draught Pantaneiro Brazil Meat, milk Parthenais France Meat, draught Pembroke Wales Milk, meat Pie Rouge des Plaines France Milk Piedmontese Italy Milk, meat Pinzgauer Austria Milk, meat Pirenaica Spain Meat, draught Podolica Italy Milk, meat, draught Polish Red Poland Milk, meat, draught Ponwar India Draught Punganur India Milk, meat, draught Pustertaler Sprinzen Italy Meat Ramo Grande Portugal Milk, meat, draught Randall United States Milk, meat, draught Rathi India Milk, draught, domestic Red Angus Scotland Milk, meat Red Kandhari India Draught, domestic Red Poll England Milk, meat Red Sindhi India/Pakistan Milk, meat Ringamala Sweden Milk Romagnola Italy Meat, draught Romosinuano Colombia Meat Rubia Gallega Spain Milk, meat Sahiwal India Milk Santa Gertrudis United States Meat Sayaguesa Spain Meat, draught Senepol Caribbean Island Meat Shetland Scotland Meat, draught Shorthorn England Meat Simmental Switzerland Milk, meat, draught Siri Bhutan Milk, draught South Devon England Milk, meat Southern Yellow China, Vietnam, Taiwan Milk Spanish Fighting Bull Spain Meat, sport Square Meater Australia Meat Sussex England Meat Swedish Red Sweden Milk Tarentaise France Milk, meat Telemark Norway Milk, meat Texas Longhorn United States Milk, meat Tharparkar India Milk, draught Tswana Botswana Milk, meat Tudanca Spain Milk, meat, draught Tux Austria Milk Tyrolese Grey Austria Milk, meat Ukrainian Grey Ukraine Domestic Umblachery India Draught Vaynol Scotland Meat Vechur India Milk Vorderwald Germany Milk, meat Welsh Black Wales Meat White Fulani Africa Meat White Park United Kingdom Milk, meat Whitebred Shorthorn United Kingdom Meat Yakutian Russia Milk, meat, draught Yanbian China Draught Yurino Ukraine Domestic