We’ve talked about how to poop when it comes to adults—and what your poop says about your health. But what about newborn baby poop? Is green baby poo normal? What’s the ideal baby poop color? Does formula poop look different than breastfed baby poop? Are there things you can do to help baby poop? If you’re asking any of these questions, this post is right for you! To get to the bottom of your baby’s poop, let’s talk about color, texture, and frequency.
Before we start – a special gift for you We cover a ton of information in this post, but I’ve distilled it down to a handy little cheat sheet. Click here to get it for free! Baby Poop Color Chart Similar to adults, your baby’s poop color, form and texture is a great way to understand what’s going on in his or her digestive tract from top to bottom. Greeny black This dark, tarry poop is called meconium.
It consists of amniotic fluid, secretions of the intestinal glands, bile pigments, fatty acids, and intrauterine debris. Here’s more information on green poop. Mustard Yellow If you are exclusively breastfeeding, and your baby’s poop is bright or mustard yellow (and sometimes a slight orangish), congratulations, your baby poop is normal. Tan If your baby is on formula, and their baby poop is tan and slightly solid (think a thin peanut sauce), than it’s normal.
Lime Green This baby poop color usually means there is some digestive distress. One reason for green poop is a foremilk/hindmilk imbalance. That means baby is not getting enough of the rich creamy milk at the end of a feed and, consequently, getting too much of the liquidy foremilk that is higher in lactose and lower in fat. This usually happens if you have too fast a letdown or oversupply and eventually will normalize in most cases.
Making sure baby finishes one side before offering the other will often fix this problem. One other reason for a foremilk/hindmilk imbalance is if baby has a bad latch. If so, baby may have a hard time getting the thick creamy hindmilk out of your breast. Definitely consult a lactation consultant if you think this may be the case. Lime Green poop can also be a sign of a stomach bug. A stomach bug poop is usually frothy and/or mucusy as well.
Another possible reason that your breastfed baby’s poop is green is sensitivity to something you are eating (most likely dairy). An elimination diet is the best way to deal with this problem. Finally, if baby has recently eaten spinach or kale, this is most likely the cause of his green poop. Forest Green Dark green poop is a normal variation of poop from a baby who is taking an iron supplement.
It also can be the transition from meconium to regular fecal matter. Brown Baby poop will start to turn brown as she begins to eat more and more solids. Boring, but totally normal and ideal. White A baby poop that is chalky white or gray poop can be a sign that baby is not digesting properly and that his liver is not producing enough bile. Call your pediatrician right away. Red Red poop isn’t necessarily something serious.
For example, this can happen after eating beets. If baby’s poop is otherwise normal but contains flecks of red, it’s most likely caused by a dairy allergy. Best to eliminate and see if it improves. Of course, check with doctor as well. If baby’s poop is hard and dry (a sign of constipation) and contains red streaks, it’s likely caused by small tears in the skin created by straining to poop.
If baby’s poop is thin and watery and has red streaks or her poop is a raspberry color that looks like congealed fat, you may have a bacterial infection on your hands. Call your pediatrician right away. Black After the first few days of meconium, a tarry black poop could signal bleeding. Call your pediatrician right away. If baby is breastfeeding and you have cracked and bleeding nipples, you may find little black flecks in baby’s otherwise normal poop.
It’s a result of baby digesting a bit of your blood and isn’t harmful. Baby Poop: Texture The texture of your baby or infant’s poop can say a lot about his/her health and wellness. Breastfed Baby Poop A breastfed baby’s normal poop will be loose and, at times, grainy or seedy. Those little “seeds” are undigested milk fat—totally normal. Formula fed baby poop A formula fed baby’s normal poop will be thicker than a breastfed baby’s, having the consistency of toothpaste or hummus.
Baby on solid food poop When baby starts eating solids her poop’s texture will start to firm up but will still be mushy (like a glob of peanut butter) until she stops nursing. Undigested food in baby’s poo Baby poop with bits of undigested food in it is considered normal. However, if baby consistently has trouble digesting a certain food, you may want to hold back on offering it until baby is older.
Also, if baby eats a lot of one kind of food (and it ends up in the diaper), you may want to restrict the amount he eats at one time. Remember, if it’s coming out whole, he isn’t getting any nutrition from it anyway. Hard, dry baby stool If your baby is having hard, dry poops (like rabbit droppings) that are hard to pass, he or she is probably constipated. Breastfed babies don’t typically get constipated since breastmilk has the perfect balance of fat and protein.
If baby is formula fed and not eating solids yet, you should talk to your pediatrician who may suggest switching formulas. Beginning solids may bring on constipation. Don’t introduce solids until at least 6 months, and make baby is showing signs of readiness before you do. Baby’s digestive tract needs time to adjust to what he’s eating. Back off on the solid foods and breastfeed on demand.
Baby or newborn diarrhea Alternately, if baby is suddenly passing especially loose stools, you may be looking at diarrhea. Call your pediatrician, who can run tests to rule out bacterial infection. If baby is already eating solids, put him on a BRAB diet (a variation of the BRAT diet): Bananas Rice Apples/apple sauce Breastmilk Bananas, rice, and apples have qualities like tannins that can help firm up stool; breastmilk is great at balancing your baby’s diet and healing the gut.
Frothy or mucousy baby poop Baby poop that is frothy or especially mucousy can signify that something isn’t quite right. It could be the foremilk/hindmilk imbalance that we talked about earlier, or it could be a bacterial infection. On the other hand, sometimes mucousy poop is just the product of a teething baby who is drooling more (and swallowing that drool). If you are concerned, or baby is showing signs of illness, talk to your pediatrician.
Red or bloody baby or newborn poop Blood in baby stool is a scary sight to see. But, do remember that red baby poop could be caused by something she ate like beets or tomatoes. If their diet is only breastmilk or they haven’t had red foods lately, you’ll definitely want to call your baby’s doctor. We talked about other reasons for red poop above (from dairy allergy to constipation) but it’s always best to talk to your healthcare provider about too.
Baby Poop: Frequency How often should breastfed babies poop? If baby isn’t uncomfortable or fussy, there’s probably nothing to worry about. Your breastfed baby should have two or more good sized poops a day for the first 6-8 weeks. After two month of age, anything from daily poops to once a week poops is considered normal. This is because breastmilk is so well absorbed and there’s very little waste leftover.
Having said that, I was always grateful that my babies went daily! How often should formula fed babies poop? Because formula is denser and less absorbable than breastmilk, a formula fed baby’s range of normal is 1-4 times a day. And keep in mind that frequency isn’t the sign of constipation, texture is. And newborn baby poop smell… Breastfed baby poop typically smells sweet. Some mom’s have noticed that baby’s poop has a slightly vinegary smell that occurs just before a tooth pops through.
I think it smells like yogurt! Formula fed baby poop tends to smell stronger. Foul-smelling poop could be a sign that something is not quite right, but usually it’s just a sign that baby has started eating solids (lucky you!). Again, if the smell is extremely foul, consider doing a stool test to rule out any other potential issues. Get my baby poop cheat sheet PDF (includes pictures) Don’t forget to download my exclusive baby poop pdf one pager below! How about you? Where does your baby fall on the poop spectrum? What surprised you most about your baby’s poo? References Enjoy this post?It would mean so much to me if you comment or share…See Also: Cow Meat Is Called
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To help you with any questions you may have about the recipes below, please refer to our: Video: Chapter leader Sarah Pope has posted a video about making both the raw milk and liver formulas. [embedded content] This video is one in a series of instructional videos from Weston A. Price Foundation on Vimeo. Transcript of the Video [.pdf] Many of the ingredients for these recipes are available from Radiant Life 888-593-8333 .
Jump to: Raw Milk Baby Formula Makes 36 ounces. Our milk-based formula takes account of the fact that human milk is richer in whey, lactose, vitamin C, niacin, and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids compared to cow’s milk but leaner in casein (milk protein). The addition of gelatin to cow’s milk formula will make it more digestible for the infant. Use only truly expeller-expressed oils in the formula recipes, otherwise they may lack vitamin E.
The ideal milk for baby, if he cannot be breastfed, is clean, whole raw milk from old-fashioned cows, certified free of disease, that feed on green pasture. For sources of good quality milk, see www.realmilk.com or contact a local chapter of the Weston A. Price Foundation. If the only choice available to you is commercial milk, choose whole milk, preferably organic and unhomogenized, and culture it with a piima or kefir culture to restore enzymes (available from G.
E.M. Cultures 253-588-2922. Ingredients 2 cups whole raw cow’s milk, preferably from pasture-fed cows 1/4 cup homemade liquid whey (See recipe for whey, below) Note: Do NOT use powdered whey or whey from making cheese (which will cause the formula to curdle). Use only homemade whey made from yoghurt, kefir or separated raw milk. 4 tablespoons lactose1 1/4 teaspoon bifidobacterium infantis2 2 or more tablespoons good quality cream (preferably not ultrapasteurized), more if you are using milk from Holstein cows 1/2 teaspoon unflavored high-vitamin or high-vitamin fermented cod liver oil or 1 teaspoon regular cod liver oil3 1/4 teaspoon high-vitamin butter oil (optional)1 1 teaspoon expeller-expressed sunflower oil1 1 teaspoon extra virgin olive oil1 2 teaspoons coconut oil1 2 teaspoons Frontier brand nutritional yeast flakes1 2 teaspoons gelatin1,4 1-7/8 cups filtered water 1/4 teaspoon acerola powder1, 2 1.
Available from Radiant Life 888-593-8333, www.radiantlifecatalog.com.2. Earlier versions of this web page called for 1 tsp of bifidobacterium infantis and 1 tsp of acerola powder–these were typos.3. Use only recommended brands of cod liver oil. See our recommendations here.4. We do not recommend collagen hydrolysate, but only recommended brands of gelatin listed in our Shopping Guide. Instructions Put 2 cups filtered water into a pyrex measuring pitcher and remove 2 tablespoons (that will give you 1-7/8 cups water).
Pour about half of the water into a pan and place on a medium flame. Add the gelatin and lactose to the pan and let dissolve, stirring occasionally. When the gelatin and lactose are dissolved, remove from heat and add the remaining water to cool the mixture. Stir in the coconut oil and optional high-vitamin butter oil and stir until melted. Meanwhile, place remaining ingredients into a blender. Add the water mixture and blend about three seconds.
Place in glass bottles or a glass jar and refrigerate. Before giving to baby, warm bottles by placing in hot water or a bottle warmer. NEVER warm bottles in a microwave oven. Variation: Goat Milk Formula Although goat milk is rich in fat, it must be used with caution in infant feeding as it lacks folic acid and is low in vitamin B12, both of which are essential to the growth and development of the infant.
Inclusion of nutritional yeast to provide folic acid is essential. To compensate for low levels of vitamin B12, if preparing the Milk-Based Formula (above) with goat’s milk, add 2 teaspoons organic raw chicken liver, frozen for 14 days, finely grated to the batch of formula. Be sure to begin egg-yolk feeding at four months. Liver-Based Formula Makes about 36 ounces. Our liver-based formula also mimics the nutrient profile of mother’s milk.
It is extremely important to include coconut oil in this formula as it is the only ingredient that provides the special medium-chain saturated fats found in mother’s milk. As with the milk-based formula, all oils should be truly expeller-expressed. Ingredients: 3-3/4 cups homemade beef or chicken broth 2 ounces organic liver, cut into small pieces 5 tablespoons lactose1 1/4 teaspoon bifidobacterium infantis2 1/4 cup homemade liquid whey (See recipe for whey, below) 1 tablespoon coconut oil1 1/2 teaspoon unflavored high-vitamin or high-vitamin fermented cod liver oil or 1 teaspoon regular cod liver oil3 1 teaspoon unrefined sunflower oil1 2 teaspoons extra virgin olive oil1 1/4 teaspoon acerola powder1,2 1.
Available from Radiant Life 888-593-8333, www.radiantlifecatalog.com.2. Earlier versions of this web page called for 1 tsp of bifidobacterium infantis and 1 tsp of acerola powder–these were typos.3. Use only recommended brands of cod liver oil. See our recommendations here. Instructions: Simmer liver gently in broth until the meat is cooked through. Liquefy using a handheld blender or in a food processor.
When the liver broth has cooled, stir in remaining ingredients. Store in a very clean glass or stainless steel container. To serve, stir formula well and pour 6 to 8 ounces in a very clean glass bottle. Attach a clean nipple and set in a pan of simmering water until formula is warm but not hot to the touch, shake well and feed to baby. (Never heat formula in a microwave oven!) Q. Why does the infant formulas include lots of vegetable oils like sunflower and olive oil? These are very high in linoleic acid.
A. Answer from Chris Masterjohn. The amount of sunflower oil and olive oil in the infant formula recipe provides the amount of unsaturated fatty acids found in the milk of modern American mothers. I have found compelling evidence that arachidonic acid and DHA are necessary for infant development, but not linoleic acid. That said, linoleic acid serves as a precursor for arachidonic acid, so I think the formula should have some linoleic acid (mainly from the sunflower oil).
However, it is likely that current linoleic acid levels in breast milk are higher than they otherwise would be, not because they are needed, but because they are present in excess as a result of the consumption of vegetable oils. So I think the amount of linoleic acid in the formula should be normalized to pre-1960 data for Americans, or, better, if they are available, to data from breast milk concentrations of mothers from traditionally living populations that had not yet encountered dietary vegetable oils at the time the data were collected.
This would mean reducing the amount of sunflower oil by half. Fortified Commercial Formula Makes about 35 ounces. This stopgap formula can be used in emergencies, or when the ingredients for homemade formula are unavailable. Ingredients: 1 cup milk-based powdered formula1 29 ounces filtered water (3 5/8 cups) 1 large egg yolk from an organic egg, cooked 3 1/2 minutes (See recipe for egg yolk, below) 1/2 teaspoon unflavored high-vitamin or high-vitamin fermented cod liver oil or 1 teaspoon regular cod liver oil2 1.
We are sorry to report that the Mead Johnson (Enfamil) Low Iron formula we previously recommended is no longer available. In fact, all commercial formula now contains iron, by FDA decree. The best choice for commercial formula today seems to be Baby’s Only Organic Dairy Formula. It contains iron but otherwise contains higher quality ingredients than any of the other commercial formulas. It is also the only brand on the market at this time without the Martek DHASCO and ARASCO additive.
If you are forced to use commercial formula, make sure that baby is getting cod liver oil, either added to the formula or given with an eye dropper or syringe. As soon as possible, introduce solid foods like egg yolk, liver, meat and bone broths. 2. Use only recommended brands of cod liver oil. See our recommendations here. Instructions: Place all ingredients in a blender or food processor and blend thoroughly.
Place 6-8 ounces in a very clean glass bottle. (Store the rest in a very clean glass jar in the refrigerator for the next feedings.) Attach a clean nipple to the bottle and set in a pan of simmering water until formula is warm but not hot to the touch, shake well and feed to baby. (Never heat formula in a microwave oven!) Egg Yolk for Baby Egg yolk should be baby’s first solid food, starting at 4 months, whether baby is breastfed or formula-fed.
Egg yolks from pastured hens will contain the special long-chain fatty acids so critical for the optimal development of the brain and nervous system. The whites may cause an allergic reaction and should not be given to baby until he is at least one year old. Ingredients: 1 organic egg from a pasture-fed hen 1/2 teaspoon grated raw organic liver, frozen for 14 days Note: It is VERY important that the liver be frozen for 14 days before using.
Instructions: Boil egg for 3 1/2 minutes. Place in a bowl and peel off shell. Remove egg white and discard. Yolk should be soft and warm, not hot, with its enzyme content intact. If you wish to add liver, grate on the small holes of a grater while frozen. Allow to warm up and stir into egg yolk. Homemade Whey Makes about 5 cups. Homemade whey is easy to make from good quality plain yoghurt, or from raw or cultured milk.
You will need a large strainer that rests over a bowl. If you are using yoghurt, place 2 quarts in a strainer lined with a tea towel set over a bowl. Cover with a plate and leave at room temperature overnight. The whey will drip out into the bowl. Place whey in clean glass jars and store in the refrigerator. If you are using raw or cultured milk, place 2 quarts of the milk in a glass container and leave at room temperature for 2-4 days until the milk separates into curds and whey.
Pour into the strainer lined with a tea towel set over a bowl and cover with a plate. Leave at room temperature overnight. The whey will drip out into the bowl. Store in clean glass jars in the refrigerator. Source: Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon with Mary G. Enig, PhD. A reader shares her handy tips for making up formula quickly. All three of my children have had slow starts with breastfeeding, so I appear to have low milk supply issues.
We started supplementing with formula three months ago and my sweet baby girl is healthy, gaining weight, content, and an absolute delight. I’d like to share a couple tips and tricks that help me avoid making mistakes–especially when I’m sleep deprived. First, I took a permanent marker and wrote on the lids or packages of each ingredient how much I would need. Then, on my printed recipe, I made a list of things I would need to get out: blender, small saucepan, spatula, measuring spoons, 1/4 cup measure.
I also like to add all the dry ingredients first so the measuring spoons stay dry. I add the oils last and don’t worry about washing them between each ingredient. Finally, I keep all of my refrigerated ingredients together in one compartment of the door and all of my other ingredients together on one shelf in a cabinet. When it’s time to make formula, I get out all the ingredients and put each one away as it’s used to avoid accidental doubling.
Oh, and I mix in the cream after I’ve used the blender because it’s the cream that leaves the frothy bubbles on top that are difficult to mix in. It takes me about 10 minutes now to mix up a batch. My basic routine looks like this: Set all tools, ingredients, and recipe on counter. Measure 2 cups water, remove 2 tbsp. Put half of water in small saucepan. Turn dial on stove to 3.5 (low heat). Add gelatin and lactose and set coconut oil nearby.
Stir with baking spatula. In blender, add milk and whey (put back in fridge). Add all dry ingredients (put back in cabinet or fridge). Then add all oils (except coconut). Stir water mixture again. Take off heat, add coconut oil. Stir slowly until melted. Add remaining water and pour into blender. Blend for three seconds. Add cream and stir. Since I only use enough for one or two bottles a day, I usually leave out what I’ll need for the next two days and freeze the rest in glass jars, putting what I’ll need for the day in each jar.
Her needs have changed so much since we first started, so making one batch at a time suits us well. I feel confident that she is being nourished both by my breastmilk and by the homemade formula she now takes only at night. Thank you SO MUCH for posting the recipe, the testimonials, and the Q&A’s. I’ve read through each page at least twice! Lori Based on 36 ounces. These nutrient comparison tables were derived from standard food nutrient tables and do not take into account the wide variation in nutrient levels that can occur in both human and animal milk, depending on diet and environment.
Breast Milk Cow’s MilkFormula Goat MilkFormula Liver-BasedFormula Calories 766 856 890 682 Protein 11.3g 18g 18g 15g Carbohydrates 76g 79g 77g 69g Total Fat 48g 52g 54g 36g Saturated Fat 22g 28g 30g 16g Mono Fat 18g 16g 16g 12g Poly Fat 5.5g 5.6g 5.7g 5.6g Omega-3 FA .58g 1.3g 1.2g 1.0g Omega-6 FA 4.4g 4.2g 4.4g 4.5g Cholesterol 153mg 137mg 166mg 227mg Vitamin A* 946IU 5000IU 5000IU 20,000IU Thiamin-B1 .
15mg 1.05mg 1.1mg .19mg Riboflavin-B2 .4mg 1.2mg 1.2mg 1.9mg Niacin-B3 1.9mg 2.5mg 4.4mg 14.2mg Vitamin B6 .12mg .51mg .60mg .65mg Vitamin B12 .5mcg 1.9mcg 2.8mcg 39mcg Folate 57mcg 236mcg 284mcg 159mcg Vitamin C 55mg 57mg 59mg 62mg Vitamin D 480IU 450IU 525IU 460IU Vitamin E*** 9.9mg 6.2mg 4.7mg 4.9mg Calcium 355mg 532mg 548mg NA** Copper .57mg .38mg .58mg 1.9mg Iron .33mg 1.4mg 2.2mg 5.4mg Magnesium 37.
4mg 91.3mg 96.1mg 34.5mg Manganese .29mg .034mg .12mg .24mg Phosphorus 151mg 616mg 729mg 344mg Potassium 560mg 949mg 1228mg 750mg Selenium 18.8mcg 15.4mcg 18.7mcg 31.1mcg Sodium 186mg 308mg 320mg NA** Zinc 1.9mg 2.8mg 2.7mg 2.5mg * Vitamin A levels in human milk will depend on the diet of the mother. Nursing mothers eating vitamin A-rich foods such as cod liver oil will have much higher levels of vitamin A in their milk.
Commercial formulas contain about 2400 IU vitamin A per 800 calories. ** Calcium and sodium values for homemade broth are not available. *** Vitamin E values are derived from commercial vegetable oils. The vitamin E levels for homemade formulas will be higher if good quality, expeller-expressed oils are used. Recipe Below Will Make 36 Ounces Ingredient Quantity Unit of Measure Price Raw Milk 2 Cup $1.
38 Liquid Whey 1/4 Cup $0.28 Lactose 4 Tablespoon $0.35 Bifodobacterium Infantis 1/4 Teaspoon $0.48 Cream 2 Tablespoon $0.09 Regular Cod Liver Oil 1 Teaspoon $0.11 High Vitamin Butter Oil 1/4 Teaspoon $0.31 Sunflower Oil 1 Teaspoon $0.03 Extra Virgin Olive Oil 1 Teaspoon $0.06 Coconut Oil 2 Teaspoon $0.13 Nutritional Yeast Flakes 2 Teaspoon $0.08 Gelatin 2 Teaspoon $0.20 Filtered Water 1-7/8 Cup $0.
00 Acerola Powder 1/4 Teaspoon $0.06 Batch Total $3.54 Baby Formula Cost Comparisons Brand/Product Cost/Ounce Cost/Year Avg. 1st Year Savings Nourishing Traditions $0.10 $953.89 Earth’s Best Organic with Iron $0.17 $1673.93 $720.05 Vermont Organics $0.15 $1442.97 $489.08 Bright Beginnings Organic $0.13 $1238.56 $284.67 Similac Organic Infant $0.16 $1576.85 $622.96 Enfamil Premium Newborn $0.15 $1413.
41 $459.52 Below feeding schedule referenced from Earth’s Best website. Month Feedings/Day Oz/Feeding Daily Oz 1 7.0 2.5 17.5 2-4 5.5 5.0 27.5 5-6 5.0 7.0 35.0 7-9 27.0 10-12 24.0 1st Year Ounces 9690 Recipe Directions 1. Add gelatin and lactose to half of the water and heat gently until gelatin is dissolved.2. Stir in remaining water, coconut oil, and optional butter oil.3. Place all ingredients in a blender and blend well.
4. Transfer to a very clean glass container, and store in refrigerator. Feeding 1. Pour into a very clean glass bottle, attach nipple, and heat in a pan of simmering water.2. Never heat formula in a microwave oven.3. Shake bottle well and feed baby.