In India, cow has stayed a very sacred animal from time immemorial. For generations, this domestic animal has remained part and parcel of our households. In Maharashtra, the tradition of keeping cows and producing milk products has almost created a milk flood in the country. The richness of this tradition has brought in to existence a great company like “Amul’. As you are very passionate about rearing cows, let’s know the five best types in India.
Holstein Friesian (Price Rs 35,000 to Rs 1 Lakh) This is the breed of cows, which gives highest quantity of milk. These cows have the black and white colors and in India, this breed is also very popular. This breed actually originated from Netherland and gradually spread to the other continents. This sort of healthy cow actually weighs around 600 kgs and more than 5 feet tall. This breed of cow can give 3000-8000 liters of milk in a year.
That means daily milk production could be in between 8 liter to 22 liter daily. An average Holstein cow can cost between Rs 35,000 to Rs 1,00,000. As daily expenses, you will incur Rs 150. Jersey Cow (Price Rs 30,000 to Rs 80,000) This is a very popular name in the breeds of cows in India. Jersey cows are almost everywhere in India and they are highly in demand due to high production of milk and lower maintenance.
Jersey cows are available in brown and almost black. This breed is very popular due to high capacity of producing milk. Jersey cows are relatively calm and docile. They can give approximately 10-20 liters of milk in a day. Please note that the milk production high during first 3 month after delivery of calf. A good Jersey cow can cost between Rs 30,000 to Rs 80,000. To add to it, you need to spend on an average Rs 120 per day on its expenses.
Gir Cow (Price Rs Rs 15,000 to Rs 35,000) Gir is another variety in the types of cows in India. This breed originated in the Saurashtra region in Gujurat state of India. An average cow of this breed weighs around 385 kg and during lactation, it gives around 1,800 to 3,500 kg of milk. Usually, the bodies of this sort of cows are whitish with reddish spots. The best part about the Gir cow is that they are rough tough and can easily survive with Indian climate.
A good gir cow can cost between Rs 15,000 to Rs 35,000 and on an average, the daily expenses can be up to Rs 100. Red Sindhi (Price from 30,000 to 1 lakh) This is the breed that originated from Sindhi province of Pakistan. In India, this is also a very famous breed. An average Sindhi cow weighs around 400 kg and if you take proper care by feeding it, it can give up to 3400 kg during lactation. Daily milk production from Red Sindhi could be from 8 liter to 12 liter on an average.
The price of a Red Sindhi cow can go up to Rs 1, 20,000 and the maintenance cost can be Rs 100 – Rs 200 per day. Ayrshire (Price Rs 35,000 to 60,000) Ayrshire is one of the breeds in cows that originated from Scotland. With the body –weight of 450-600 kilograms, this is a favorite breed in India. The color of this breed of cows is red and white mixed and this type of cows can give 40-50 liters of milk per day.
Actually, Ayrshire is a breed from the cross breeding of Holstein cows and oxen. The price of this breed of cow can vary from Rs 35,000 to Rs 60,000. It also involves a daily expense of Rs 200 on its feeding and maintenance.See Also: When Can My Baby Have Cows Milk
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Are Modern Dairy Cows Really Profitable and Sustainable Before I start just wanted to share a understanding. most Indians are generally smaller than western people because of climatic condition(cooler climate makes things big). Click here to just read on Milk So it is believed many years back some cows migrated to western parts of world. So they may be good there. but in India they are useless and non sustainable.
The diet of modern dairy cattle is high in protein from corn meal, fish meal, waste from slaughterhouses and other cheap cereals. Traditionally Indians feed cattle fresh grass and hay as their staple diet, just like zebra and other wild animals would eat in the wild. Grains and other high caloric diet is a supplement and too much is not good. This makes cows and bulls lethargic and they die soon because of diseases.
Since 50’s modern dairy cows were genetically modified and made into huge milk and beef beast and you have no idea the kind of antibiotics and GROWTH HORMONES that are forced into these cows. To me modern dairy cows look abnormal, especially their udder. Males generally prefer females with average body parts and not six times bigger, they are not just ugly but difficult to maintain and cause severe health complications.
Most countries are acquiring Indian cows’ genes to improve their cattle and we are using their discarded stuff. Brahman Cattle – This is just one of the examples of Indian cattle being used in US, Brazil and other major beef and Milk producing countries. It is a mixture of 3 Indian milch breeds. Gir, Kankrej and Ongole. All the above mentioned cows are best Milch(milking) breeds of India and are pretty huge in size.
However they consume less compared to most modern dairy cows. Gyr – Gyr cows of Brazil are basically Gir cows from Gujarat, India; which are today used in many parts of world thanks to Brazilians marketing. Narendra Modi was trying to import few gyr cows from Brazil but when you have something in-house why not develop it instead of acquiring it. Gyr produce 20 to 30 litres of Milk a day. This is all because they have dedicated good place for grazing and only good dedicated bulls are used.
I also feel they have hybrid genes, because they produce 5 to 8 liters naturally in their home tract. On the other hand our policy makers are making way for IT parks and malls; destroying their natural habitats. idiots. Texas Longhorn is know for its iconic long horns measuring upto 7 feet in length from tip to tip. Latest study reveals they have Indian cattle genes as well. Source Fertility – Birth Cycle and Lactation Period Indian Zebu cows are very fertile.
They get easily pregnant and calving is cake walk for them. Believe me Indian cows give birth without any assistance and infant mortality rate is almost nil. Even for bigger breeds(gir, tharparkar, kankrej, ongole etc)calving is easy because calves at birth are very small. Where as western breed calf are generally bulky and bigger creating complication even to the mother cow(holstein friesian semen when used on a small jersey or on a hybrid cow normally creates this problem).
Because of this quality farmers have large herd or number of animals born in a few years that too without any hassle(no antibiotics or vet assistance is required). Where as hybrid or western breeds struggle and mortality is very high. Most of the time farmers are at loss because of this phenomena in long run. Coming to Milk Indian cows give less milk and their lactation stops after 3 months of getting conceived.
Where as western breeds keep giving milk even when they are approaching next pregnancy. This makes them weak and even the new born calf suffer. So hybrid and western cows will normally give good milk for 2 or 3 birth cycle after which most of them are sent for slaughter. But if you stop giving commercial cattle feed, milk production reduces even in hybrid cows. This is a clear evidence of Oxytocin or other hormone present in feed.
Where as Indian cows will give birth 10 to 15 calf in her life cycle. In this way they produce more milk than western cows. Not just that their milk is of medicinal quality and fetches higher price. You should avoid A1 Milk of Hybrid and modern western dairy cows. Read more here onA1 or A2 milk So why are Indian Cows Small in Size with Bone Sticking Out of Skin? Coming to Indian cows. I believe you have not seen most Indian breeds.
Google some of the below mentioned breeds. You will realize the size and their health. Gir, Kankrej, Amrith mahal, Kangayam, Ongole, Tharparker, Deoni. Kankrej Bull of Shree Ramachandrapura Math Most Indian cows during feed scarcity can reverse down their metabolism. They have the ability to convert inferior fodder into nourishing food using certain helpful bacteria. They can easily utilize crude protein.
Look at deer, zebra and other animals they just feed on grass and plain water. Cows are some what similar to them in looks and health. But it is the bad way we raise them. They are always tied to a tree or pole and not fed enough. Mainly because of habitat destruction. Healthy cows have large chest area and they would look similar to a horse and not with huge pot belly. Ongole is one of the Finest remaining Cattle Breed of India.
Ongole is one such breed facing habitat destruction and Artificial Insemination has almost rendered this breed extinct. Same is the fate with other good Indian cows. To keep a Ongole bull you have to spend around 2000 rupees a day even in rural areas. Some dedicated souls are still doing it, but for how long??? Good link on Ongole breed – Wiki page Image: I downloaded the image long time back from some site.
I don’t remember it. If this image belongs to you or the person whom you know. please inform me. Recommended for You Posted in Cows Tagged dairy cows, indian cow, zebu cattle