In India, cow has stayed a very sacred animal from time immemorial. For generations, this domestic animal has remained part and parcel of our households. In Maharashtra, the tradition of keeping cows and producing milk products has almost created a milk flood in the country. The richness of this tradition has brought in to existence a great company like “Amul’. As you are very passionate about rearing cows, let’s know the five best types in India.
Holstein Friesian (Price Rs 35,000 to Rs 1 Lakh) This is the breed of cows, which gives highest quantity of milk. These cows have the black and white colors and in India, this breed is also very popular. This breed actually originated from Netherland and gradually spread to the other continents. This sort of healthy cow actually weighs around 600 kgs and more than 5 feet tall. This breed of cow can give 3000-8000 liters of milk in a year.
That means daily milk production could be in between 8 liter to 22 liter daily. An average Holstein cow can cost between Rs 35,000 to Rs 1,00,000. As daily expenses, you will incur Rs 150. Jersey Cow (Price Rs 30,000 to Rs 80,000) This is a very popular name in the breeds of cows in India. Jersey cows are almost everywhere in India and they are highly in demand due to high production of milk and lower maintenance.
Jersey cows are available in brown and almost black. This breed is very popular due to high capacity of producing milk. Jersey cows are relatively calm and docile. They can give approximately 10-20 liters of milk in a day. Please note that the milk production high during first 3 month after delivery of calf. A good Jersey cow can cost between Rs 30,000 to Rs 80,000. To add to it, you need to spend on an average Rs 120 per day on its expenses.
Gir Cow (Price Rs Rs 15,000 to Rs 35,000) Gir is another variety in the types of cows in India. This breed originated in the Saurashtra region in Gujurat state of India. An average cow of this breed weighs around 385 kg and during lactation, it gives around 1,800 to 3,500 kg of milk. Usually, the bodies of this sort of cows are whitish with reddish spots. The best part about the Gir cow is that they are rough tough and can easily survive with Indian climate.
A good gir cow can cost between Rs 15,000 to Rs 35,000 and on an average, the daily expenses can be up to Rs 100. Red Sindhi (Price from 30,000 to 1 lakh) This is the breed that originated from Sindhi province of Pakistan. In India, this is also a very famous breed. An average Sindhi cow weighs around 400 kg and if you take proper care by feeding it, it can give up to 3400 kg during lactation. Daily milk production from Red Sindhi could be from 8 liter to 12 liter on an average.
The price of a Red Sindhi cow can go up to Rs 1, 20,000 and the maintenance cost can be Rs 100 – Rs 200 per day. Ayrshire (Price Rs 35,000 to 60,000) Ayrshire is one of the breeds in cows that originated from Scotland. With the body –weight of 450-600 kilograms, this is a favorite breed in India. The color of this breed of cows is red and white mixed and this type of cows can give 40-50 liters of milk per day.
Actually, Ayrshire is a breed from the cross breeding of Holstein cows and oxen. The price of this breed of cow can vary from Rs 35,000 to Rs 60,000. It also involves a daily expense of Rs 200 on its feeding and maintenance.See Also: Average Milk Produced By A Cow Per Day
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In the world, there are more than 800 cattle breeds which produce milk but all cattle breeds are not good producers of the milk. There are many breeds are increased for beef production and many of breeds are increased for milk production or equally. There are the top cattle breeds that produce most milk which are the world’s top production dairy farm animals. Holstein Cattle Breed Holstein full name is Holstein-Friesian Cattle or Friesian Cattle that is Holstein amazing milk producer and it is the highest milk production dairy farm animal in the world.
This produced milk. This dairy cattle produced milk 32,740 kg in 365 days. Norwegian Red Cattle Breed Norwegian Red is well known as NRF and also well known for the fortune of its milk. NRF provides 10,000 kilogram milk production per year. Kostroma Cattle Type Kostroma is long-lived cattle who have duration of 25 years. This is producing milk 10,000 kilograms every year. This cattle breed is very helpful for milk processing and production process.
Brown Swiss Cattle Breed Brown Swiss is famous cattle breed in the cheese production. Brown Swiss provide 9,000 kilogram Milk Production per year. Swedish Red Cattle Breed Swedish Red Cattle is well-known as Swedish Red and White Cattle. This cattle breed is famous for its healthy structure and long life. The cattle breed produce milk 8000 kilograms per year. The height of this cattle breed is 140cm and weight is 600 kg.
Ayrshire Cattle Breed Ayrshire Cattle Breed is well-known as Dunlop Cattle that is a healthy and strong breed and simple to raise. The cattle breed produce milk 7,831 kilograms each year and the weight is 600 kg. Angeln Cattle Breed This dairy cow is famous for the higher milk fat height of its milk. It provides milk production 7570 kg per year. The milk production of cattle is very useful for dairy farm that utilized by the many milk processing equipment and supply in the market.
Guernsey Cattle Breed This Cattle Breed produces the top percentage of A2 milk of every breed of dairy farm animals. The Milk Production of this cattle breed is 7363 kilogram. Milking Shorthorn Cattle Breed Milking Shorthorn is also well known as Dairy Shorthorn that type of cattle breed is red cattle with white markings, all white or red roan. This cattle produce milk 7,000 kilograms every year.
The Height of Milking Shorthorn 140 cm and Weight is 680 kilogram. Pie Rouge des Plaines Cattle Breed It is well known as Lowland Red Pied Cattle that meat is improved in value and amount than Holstein cattle. The Milk Production is 6900 kg per year and Height is 138cm and Weight is 700 kilograms. Thus, these types of cattle breeds are top breeds that produce higher quantity milk every year which are very useful in every dairy farm.