Dairy cow farming means ‘raising highly milk productive cows commercially for milk production purpose’. It’s absolutely a part of agriculture or animal husbandry, enterprise for long term milk production from cows. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not a new idea. People are raising dairy cows for milk production from the ancient time. Dairy cow farming business is still a profitable business venture throughout the world.
There are numerous new and established dairy cow farms available around the world. Here we are describing more about the advantages of dairy cow farming business, and the necessary steps for starting this profitable business. Advantages of Commercial Dairy Cow Farming BusinessThere are numerous advantages of starting commercial dairy cow farming business. Here we are shortly describing the main advantages of this business.
Milk and milk products have a huge demand throughout the world. This is the main advantages of starting dairy cow farming business. Nowadays, dairy industry is one of the most appealing sectors all over the world. Demands of milk will never reduce, it will increase gradually in accordance with current population growth. Even both vegetarians and non-vegetarians drink milk. You don’t have to worry about marketing the products.
Because it is among the traditional business and you will be able to sell your products easily. Dairy cow farming business doesn’t pollute the environment, it’s eco-friendly. You can start dairy production by using your family labor. It’s a good idea to properly utilize your family labor. Proper business plan and good care and management can ensure maximum profits. So it can be a great source of income and employment for the unemployed educated young.
There are numerous highly productive dairy cows available throughout the world. You can choose any breed depending on your area and business purpose. Commercial dairy cow farming business requires high capital or investment. If you don’t have enough money for investing, then you can apply for bank loans. Many govt. or non-govt. banks will allow you loans for starting this business. Along with profits, you can ensure nutrition for your family members through setting up commercial dairy cow farming business.
How to Start Dairy Cow Farming Business?Starting dairy cow farming business is not so easy. You have to go through some step by step process for making high profits from this business. Here we are shortly describing the main steps for starting a profitable dairy cow farming business. The staring process includes selecting proper breeds, housing, feeding, care & management and marketing. Also consider the followings while starting this business.
First of all, try to determine the purpose of your farm. Why do you want to start dairy cow farming business? Do you have enough facilities for raising cows? Do you have enough time to care of your cows? Can you manage all the facilities required for the cows? It will be better, if you can visit some commercial dairy cow farms in your area. Try to understand the methods that your local farmers are using for raising dairy cows.
Consult with the vet, and discuss about the possibilities of dairy cow farming in your area. It will be better if you can spend a few days in an established farm. You will be able to learn more about this business from the farmers. Ensure that ‘you can provide the cows nutritious food throughout the year’. Visit your local market to learn more about the feeding costs. If you want to produce foods by your own, then try to reserve some foods for cold or rainy seasons.
In case of large scale commercial farms, employ experienced people. You can also train your workers based on the type of your farm. In case of marketing, try to sell your products in your local market. It will reduce marketing or transportation costs. Dairy Cow BreedsThere are numerous dairy cow breeds available throughout the world. You can choose any depending on your area, local facilities and your production purpose.
Some famous and popular dairy cow breeds are Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Gir, Holstein Friesian, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Tharparkar etc. Consider your weather, local facilities and market demand of dairy products while selecting breeds for your dairy cow farming business. HousingFor keeping your cows healthy, productive and diseases free, good housing is very important.
Provide your cows required space inside the house depending on the breeds. Usually 80 square feet open space and 40 square feet space inside the house is required per cow. Although it may vary depending on the size of the breed. Make proper ventilation system, and ensure sufficient flow of fresh air and light inside the house. Concrete house is very suitable for the cows. FeedingGood foods ensure good health and maximum production.
So always try to provide your cows adequate amount of high quality and nutritious foods to ensure proper growth and good health. Forages, which refer especially to hay or straw, are the most common type of feed used for raising dairy cows. For fulfilling energy demands, add cereal grains to the dairy cow’s feed. Greens help to maximize milk production. So add greens as much as possible to their regular foods.
Greens also help to reduce feeding costs. Alfalfa, timothy, clover etc. are considered as good greens for dairy cows. If possible, make a grazing place or pasture for your cows. Along with adequate nutritious foods, ensure availability of adequate amount of clean and fresh water. Dairy cows require more water than any other animals. Because they are mainly raised for their milk production, and their milk contain a large amount of water.
Usually a dairy cow require about 5 liters of water for producing 1 liter milk. So provide them sufficient amount of water according to their demand. Care & ManagementTaking good care and proper management is the main step to be successful in any animal husbandry business. So always try to take good care of your cows. Feed them nutritious food and provide sufficient amount of clean and fresh water.
Vaccinate them timely, so that you can keep them free from all types of diseases or illness. If possible, always stock some necessary drugs. Keep their house clean and wash the cow regularly. MilkingSelect a calm and quiet place for milking your cows. It will be better, if you can manage a separate room for the cow for milking. You can both hand milk the cows and use machines for milking. Ensure you have good practices to make your cows as comfortable as possible during the time you are milking them.
MarketingIt will be better, if you set your marketing strategies before starting this business. Although dairy products have a huge demand throughout the world. There are many companies also available in many areas. You can try your local market. Every business has some advantages and disadvantages. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not an exception. As dairy farming business is an old business idea, so it has many advantages compared to it’s disadvantages.
But no doubt it’s a profitable business. For running a successful dairy cow farming business, always take good care of your animals.See Also: Cow And Gate Infant Milk 1
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Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country. And almost all regions of India are suitable for setting up dairy farming business. Most of the dairy farmers in India are raising animals in small scale scale traditional methods. They are not aware about the modern farming methods and improved techniques for dairy farming.
As a result, some farmers are loosing their investment instead of being benefited. Proper business plan, well management and care can ensure maximum production and profit from dairy farming business. I have described here the importance, setting up steps and some problems of dairy farming in India. Why Dairy Farming in India?There are many benefits of starting dairy farming business in India. Here I am describing the main importance and benefits of dairy farming in India.
Dairy farming business is a traditional business. So, you don’t have to worry about marketing your products. You can easily sell your products in almost every place of India. And dairy product market is active round the year. Dairy farming is eco-friendly and it doesn’t pollute the environment. Dairy farming business doesn’t required highly skilled labor. You can easily setup small scale dairy farm with your family labor.
Great business opportunities for unemployed educated young people. Proper plan and management can ensure maximum production. Numerous highly productive native Indian and foreign breeds are suitable for farming according to the climate and environment of India. You can apply for loan in your local NGO or banks. How to Start Dairy Farm in India?Setting up dairy farming business in India is not so easy.
You have to go through several important steps for setting up dairy farming in India. Consider the following tips while starting dairy farming business in India. First of all, you have to decide the aim and objective of your farm (includes housing, feeding, breeding, number of animals to be maintained etc. Try to visit some commercial dairy farms. Discuss with the experienced farm owners about his dairy farming system and secrets.
Try to visit as much farms as possible. This will help you to analyze various farming systems and extremely broaden your knowledge. While visiting various farms, try to analyze their every event deeply. Visit your nearest veterinarians and discuss about the possibilities of dairy farming in your area. If your plan is to maintain the farm by your own, then try to work for an existing farm for at least six months.
Be conscious about the availability of food and its costs. You also have to stock food for adverse seasons. You have to employ hardworking labor with some practical experience. In some cases you can also train them for specific dairy farm jobs. Visit your nearest market occasionally and observe the price and demand of live animals and dairy products. Keeping good relation with market help you for getting proper value of your products and purchasing necessary commodities.
And lastly, try to learn more and more about dairy farming in India. Read a lots of books, visit numerous farms, gather experience, make proper business plan and finally do it. BreedsThere are numerous native Indian and highly productive foreign breeds available. You can choose any of them. You can raise both cows and buffaloes together in separate rows under same shed. Cow’s milk is lower in fat than buffaloes milk.
Visit the market and try to understand which product has high demand. For profitable commercial dairy production Murrah, Surti, Mehasani, Jaffrabadi, Badhawari etc. are common and popular buffalo milch breeds. Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar are popular cow breed. You can also go with highly productive foreign breeds like Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss, Jersey etc. All those breeds are suitable for farming in the Indian weather.
Always keep in mind the market while choosing breeds for your dairy farming business. HousingGood housing play an important role for keeping the animal healthy, diseases free and productive. For proper production you should give your animal required space inside the house. Generally 40 square feet inside shed and 80 square feet open space is required per animal. In small scale production for 20 animals, you have to ensure availability of 3000 square feet land area.
For medium scale producers with 100 animals, 13,000 to 15,000 square feet space is required. However, ensure availability of all types of essential facilities in the house. Essential facilities includes proper ventilation, sufficient flow of fresh and clean air, sufficient space etc. FeedingFeeding good and high quality nutritious foods ensure proper growth and good health of the animals. So, always try to feed them sufficient amount of nutritious food.
Try to add as much green food as possible with their regular food. Because, green food helps the animal to produce more milk and helps the producer to reduce feeding costs. If possible, try to make a grazing place for your animals. Along with nutritious foods, always provide them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water. Dairy animals need more water than other animals. Generally, a milk producing animal need five liters of water for producing one liter milk.
So, always serve them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water. Care & ManagementTaking good care is the key to every livestock farming business. So, you also have to take good care of your animals. Try to keep the animals free from all types of cattle diseases. Vaccinate them timely. Provide them nutritious food and clean water regularly. Make a stock of necessary medicines and other materials.
MarketingMarketing your products is not a problem in India. Dairy product has huge demand throughout the India. You can easily sell your products in almost every places of our country. So, don’t worry about marketing, just take good care of your animals. Problems of Dairy Farming in IndiaEvery business has some problems or difficulties. Dairy cow farming also has some problems. The main limitations and constraints of dairy farming in India are listed below.
High infrastructure and feeding cost is the main constraint of dairy farming business. Most of the farmers don’t serious about the total expenditure and profit from this business. The don’t count the value of green food which they grow with their crop. Breeding process of animal depends on various factors. It is a biological phenomenon and getting expected milk production depends on proper breeding process.
But most of our farmers are not conscious about this due to lack of proper publicity and public announcement by the government. In accordance with making good business plan, dairy farming requires hardworking, proper care, good management and you have to be alert always. In our country, one of the family member take care of the animals. But for commercial purpose, you have to employ several experienced people with high salary.
Every business go with some additional advantages and problems. On an average, commercial dairy farming in India is profitable. If you want to start this business, try to learn more about it and visit as much farms as possible.