Dedicated to our primeval cowherd Palani Avinankudi Dandapani The Tamil speaking country consists of five socio - climatic - agricultural zones. The Sangam text Purananuru refers to this as the "five Tamil countries". Each country has its own breeds suited to the ecosystems and even micro ecology of the respective areas. All breeds thrive in local conditions and invariably deteriorate in alien environments.
Chera or Konga: North: The Nilagiris - Terakanambi - Talamalai - Biligiri rangan mountains - Perumbalai (northern mountain chain) East: Yercaud - Kollimalai mountains - Mayanur madukkarai great wall - Sirumalai mountains West: The Nilagiris - Vellingiri hills - Walayar - Anaiamalai mountains South: Anaimalai mountains - Kodaikkanal mountains - Sirumalai mountains Breeds of the Chera country: 1.
Mee Konga (Mekattu madu or nowadays "Kangayam" मी कोङ्ग, मॆकाट्टुमाडु, काङ्गयम, गङ्गनाड ): The Chera country is also called Konga country therefore referred in Tamil as "Konga" cattle and "Ganganad" in Kannada. There are 24 divisions in this country. The cattle from one of the divisions "Kangayanadu" are referred as the typical Kangayam cattle.
Mae Konga cattle are bred in the modern taluks of Kangayam, Dharapuram, Tiruppur, Udumalpet, Avinasi, Palladam (all in Tiruppur dt.), Palani, Oddanchatram, Vedasandur, Dindigul (all in Dindigul dt.), Aravakurichchi, Karur (Karur dt.), Coimbatore, Mettupalayam, Sulur, Pollachi (all in Coimbatore dt.), Erode, Bhavani, Perundurai, Gobichettipalayam, Sathyamangalam (all in Erode dt.), the right bank side of the Kaveri in Mettur tk.
in Salem dt., the panchayats of Mayanur, Balarajapuram, Manavasi, Renganathapuram in Krishnarayapuram tk. of Karur dt. summing up as the region to the west and south of the Kaveri until Mayanur. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age. Official website of Palayakottai Pattagars: http://kangayambull.
org/ A Mee Konga (Kangayam) bullock2. Mazha Konga (Kikattu madu or "Tiruchengodu" मऴ कोङ्ग, कीकाट्टु, तिरुच्चेङ्गोडु): Found on the northern and eastern side of the Kaveri in the Taluks of Mecheri, Omalur, Nangavalli, Salem, Sankagiri, Attur, Gangavalli (all in Salem dt.) Rasipuram, Namakkal, Paramatti Velur, Tiruchendgode (all in Namakkal dt.
), Kattuputtur (Tiruchirapppalli dt.) and parts of Dharmapuri dt. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age. A smaller sized cousin of the Mee Konga breed yet a better milch variety. Bred by the Konga Vellala community. It is said to have come with the Konga Vellalas from the Gangetic (therefore Konga or Ganga) region in the pre - Sangam age.
Has reduced greatly in numbers due to illegal smuggling encouraged by the government with slaughter houses and AI with Kangayam bulls. Official website of Palayakottai Pattagars: http://kangayambull.org/ Mazha Konga (Salem or Tiruchengodu) cowsDescription in 'Livestock of South India': 3. Semmarai (Semmarai, Malayan mor "Bargur" सेम्मरै, मलैयन, बर्गूर): This is found in the mountainous regions of the Bhavani tk.
in Erode dt. Has mixed red and white patterns. It has a white coloured cousin in the adjoining western hills. Resembles the Purnaia cattle (Amrut mahal - Hallikar corpus). Trotting variety firey in disposition. Bred by the Lingayat community of the mountainous forests. Linked intricately with them. A Semmarai (Bargur) bull 4. Palamalai (पालमलाई): Bred in the Palamalai hills in the Mettur taluk of the Salem district and adjoining Anthiyur taluk of Erode dt.
. Bred by the Malayala Goundans (Native hillsmen) in the hills and some Kongu Vellalans around. Nearly extinct. Confused with Alambadis and Bargurs, they are black in colour with white patterns. A Palamalai bullock 5. Alambadi (आलाम्बाडि): Bred in the hilly forest areas of the upper Kaveri basin Mettur (Salem dt.
) Pennagaram, Dharmapuri (both in Dharmapuri dt.) Kollegal, Bangalore rural (both in Karnataka state). Trotting variety known for endurance. Bred by Konga Vellalas, Lingayats, Vanniyars and Vokkaligas of the region. An Alambadi bull The black individuals are Alambadi cows 6. Kollimalai - Seravaroyan hill cattle: Looks like a stunted pygmy version of Konga (Kangayam).
Well suited for the tropical evergreen vegetation and malarial life in the Kolli - Yercaud - Pachamalai - Kalvarayan mountain corpus. Reared by the native Malayali tribesmen. A large Kolli bully boy wishing us adieu! Chola country: North: North Vellar East: Bay of Bengal West: the Mayanur Madukkarai great wall South: South Vellar Breeds of the Chola country: 7. Vadakarai (Soliya Vadakarai, चोलिया वडकरै): Rounded shaped short variety with small horns.
Bred by Choliya Vellalas, Mutturajas and Vanniars of the region. Found in Trichy North Dt (including Srirangam), Perambalur and Ariyalur Dts. Mottai (Perambalur) herd 8. Konadan ("Manapparai" कॊनाडन, मणप्पारै): Found in the modern taluks of Krishnarayapuram, Kulittalai (both in Karur dt.), Manapparai, Trichy and Tovarankurichchi (all in Trichy dt.
), Bred by the Choliya Vellalas of the region and intricately linked with their lifestyle. Konadan (Manapparai) cows at work 9. Mottai cattle (Tanjore polled cattle or "Umbalachery" तञ्जावूर मोट्टै, उम्बलच्चॆरि): Polled horns and firebranded feet mark the cattle. Best suited for the Kaveri delta alluvium. Found in Thanjavur, Tiruvarur and Nagapatnam dts.
Choliya Vellalas, Choliya Brahmans and Tanjore Kallars are big breeders. Mottai (Umbalachery) stud bull Pandya country: North: Kodaikkanal mountains - Sirumalai - Piranmalai - North Vellar East: Sethu (Adam's bridge) and the Bay of Bengal West: Peruvali - Westen ghats - Dindigul - Karaikkadu South: Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) and the Indian Ocean Breeds of the Pandya country: 10.
Irucchali (इरुच्चाळि): Found as herds in the Sivaganga dt. and southern Pudukkottai dt. Nearly extinct. Irucchali herd 11. Jallikattu (Pulikulam or Jellicut पुलिक्कुळम, जल्लिक्कट्टु): Previously found all over Nilakkottai, Nattam (both in Dindigul dt.), Madurai, Teni, Sivagangai and Ramanathapuram dts.
now to be found mainly in the Cumbum valley of Teni dt. Used for bull baiting and draught. Predominantly bred by the Konar communit and part of its lifestyle. Endangered. Pulikulam Cattle herd [embedded content] Jallikattu (Pulikulam) stud bulls Jallikattu (Pulikulam) calves 12. Thambiran madu (तम्बिरान माडु, दॆवरु आवु): Bred by Kannada speaking Kappiliya Gounders of the Teni dt.
Called by them "Devaru Avu". All names meaning the "sacred herd". Intricately linked with the community. 13. Tenpandi (Tirunelveli तेन्पाण्डि, तिरुनेल्वॆलि): Found in the Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts. Well suited to the area. Bred by the Idayans (Konars),Nadars and Mukkulathors. Tenpandi herd 14.
Tirunelveli hill breed cattle (तिरुनेल्वॆलि पहाडी गॊ): They were grown along the eastern slopes of western ghats in Ancient pandya country. They are used by the local Organic farmers. Dravida or Tondai country: North: Tirupati hills - Suvarnamukhi river East: Bay of Bengal West: Mountains west of Krishnagiri South: Thoppur ghats - South Pennar Breeds of the Dravida country: 15.
Tondainadu (Tiruvannamalai तिरुवण्णामलै, तोण्डैनाडु): Found in Chittoor (A.P), Velur, Tiruvannamalai, Chengalpattu, Chennai, Vizhuppuram (all in T.N). Has Red, White, Black and mixed colours. Reared by Todai mandala Vellalas and Vanniars. Tondai (Tiruvannamalai) Ramana Maharishi's favourite cow - Lakshmi 16.
Turinjithalai (तुरिञ्जित्तऴै): Drought resistant variety. Eats only Albizia amara (Telugu: Thurinji, Tamil: Arappu, Unjal, Usilai, Hindi: Ailaa) leaves and bark. Reared by Telugu Golla herder community. Less than 100 remain. Thurinjithalai cattle 17. Punganur (पुङ्गनूर): A miniature variety yet a good milker. Found in the Chitoor dt.
Pungaur bull and cow Punganur stud bull Nadunadu: North: South Pennar East: Bay of Bengal West: Yercaud - Kollimalai range South: North VellarBreeds of the Nadu country:18.
Nattan (नाट्टान): Resembles the Perambalur mottai breed. Many more breeds have gone non-descript due to the government system. The government also tries to mongrelise native breeds by crossing other native and alien species for making quick bucks through its infamous 'milk societies'. More to come. To contact the Author of the article:PonDheepankar K Kongadesa Charitra Kalachara Kendram, Erode.
Contact: 91- 424 - 2274700 for suggestions and information.See Also: Cow Milking Process
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CowsTamil Nadu, IndiaAnimalsWhat are the native cow breeds or cattle breeds of Tamil Nadu?Govarthanan GC, தமிழன் by Birth | தமிழன் by Thought | Proud to be a தமிழன்Answered 50w agoCOW BREEDS OF TAMILNADU :The 15 known breeds originated in Tamil Nadu are;1. Mee Konga ( Mekattu madu or nowadays Kangayam )2. Mazha Konga ( Kikattu madu or Tiruchengodu )3. Semmarai ( Semmarai, Malayan or Bargur )4.
Palamalai5. Alambadi6. Kollimalai ( Seravaroyan hill cattle )7. Vadakarai ( Soliya Vadakarai )8. Konadan (Manapparai)9. Mottai cattle ( Tanjore polled cattle or Umbalachery )10. Irucchali11. Jallikattu (Pulikulam or Jellicut )12. Tenpandi (Tirunelveli)13. Tondainadu Cow14. Turinjithalai15. PunganurEdited By Govarthanan GC | Follow ME !Source document : Cow Breeds of Tamil Nadu...pdfVeera Raghavan, works at Regionalz DigitalAnswered 49w agoAs most of them mentioned, we currently have five main breeds.
1.Alambadi2.Bargur3.Umbalachery4.Puliakumal5.KangayamFor more details of these indiginious tamil breeds..www.nattumadu.inSivaKumarAnswered 50w agoHere is an extensive listSivaKumar's answer to What are the native Indian cow breeds still existent?Anand KumarAnswered 50w agoKangayamBargurUmbalacheryPulikulamHallikar(native to Karnataka, but frequently seen in north western Tamilnadu)Alambadi