Cows produce the majority of milk in the world “The cow is the foster mother of the human race. From the time of the ancient Hindoo to this time have the thoughts of men turned to this kindly and beneficent creature as one of the chief sustaining forces of the human race” – W.D. Hoard Throughout history, cows have produced milk for human sustenance, (even before agriculture was developed).
Today cows produce the majority of milk consumed by people. The reason why cows are the number 1 milk source in the world is because they excel at producing milk. They are masters at converting feed sources (not fit for humans), and turning it into a highly nutritious product that we call milk. If you’ve ever wondered how much milk cows produce, you came to the right place. The Average Cow The United States is one of the leading dairy producing countries in the world, and American cows are among the most productive cows in world.
The average cow in the U.S. produces about 21,000 lbs. of milk per year, that’s nearly 2,500 gallons a year! On a daily basis, most cows average about 70 lbs. of milk per day, or about 8 gallons per day. 8 gallons is about 128 glasses of milk per day. Interestingly, a herd of 800 cows can produce a large tanker truckload of milk each day. Over a year, that would be about 20 million lbs. of milk or 2.
3 million gallons of milk. **Productivity of the average cow in select countries. Amount of pounds of milk produced in one year** Milk production records Cows are getting better at producing milk every year. Records are being broken all the time about how much milk cows can give. It’s really quite amazing how much cows have improved over the years. By the time you read this, there may be a new record.
But in order to illustrate how much milk the top cows can give, this is an interesting story. According to a news report, a cow in Wisconsin produced 72,000 lbs. of milk in a year, or about 8,000 gallons of milk in a year. To produce that much milk, it means that the cow had to produce about 23 gallons of milk each day. (source) **The average cow produces 70 lbs. of milk per day, or about 8 gallons.
Compare that to a top record holding cow that produces 23 gallons per day** Variables affecting milk production The amount of milk produced by dairy cows can be affected by a wide variety of variables. The key to dairy farming successfully is to minimize the impact of these variables. The following are some things that impact milk production: Feeding – What the cow eats is the largest factor affecting production.
If she isn’t eating enough energy or protein her milk production will decline. Changing feed sources will also affect the cow’s milk production. Any change in her daily meal will affect milk production until the cows re-adjusts to the new feed. Genetic Potential – The genetics of the cow plays a role in how much milk she can produce. If the cow is the daughter of a high producing cow, she will be more likely to produce a lot of milk due to her genetic predisposition towards milk production.
Weather – Sudden weather changes can stress the cows causing a decrease in milk production. Hot weather will also stress the cows out mostly because the cows will eat less. Eating less feed causes the cows to drop in milk production, so farmers emphasise keeping cows comfortable and cool during summer months Stage of Production – When the cow has her calf, she will begin to produce milk. Over time, the cow’s milk production will peak, then slowly drop off.
Eventually, the cow will dry up. Age of the cow – As a cow gets older, they become much better at producing milk. Most cows reach their maximum milk production after they finished growing. A cow will keep growing until she is 3-4 years old. Tracking Milk Production On our farm, we use technology to track our cow’s milk production daily. The milking machine will record each cow’s milk output in real-time.
Through the system, we can determine which cows are the top producers and which are the low producers. **The milk machines track milk production on a daily basis for each cow** This knowledge helps us feed the cows better. By understanding the cow’s milk output, we can group them accordingly and feed them according to their dietary needs. If a cow is producing a large amount of milk, we can feed her more energy and nutrients to support that milk production.
If a cow is not producing much milk, we can feed her less energy or she will gain too much weight. Knowing the cow’s milk production allows us to take better care of the cows. Breeding a better cow Through breeding, dairy farmers have been able to greatly improve the amount of milk that cows give. A cow today is 10 times more productive than a cow in the past. **9 million cows today produce more milk than 25 million cows in 1944** In 1944, there were 25.
6 million cows in the United States, while today there are only 9.3 million cows in the U.S. that produce 59% more milk than in 1944. Cows have increased in production so significantly, that it has allowed there to be a reduction of animals to support the milk needs of the U.S. Cows have also gotten better at converting feed to milk. The modern dairy cow needs less feed to produce milk. **Cows today produce more milk with less feed** This obviously has allowed the dairy industry to reduce its environmental footprint.
According to Dairy Cares, the dairy industry has reduced its carbon footprint by 63% in 65 years. While dairy cows have gotten very good at producing milk, dairies are also breeding their cows to last longer. Dairy farmers want cows that not only produce a lot of milk but a cow that will last a long time. It’s interesting, but when you breed for a balanced cow – with a strong frame and good feet and legs – milk production tends to follow.
Dairy farmers realize this, that’s why one of the most important criteria for selecting bulls is longevity. Do you have more questions? Did I answer your question about milk production. Let me know in the comments below Other posts you might Like!See Also: Treatment For Milk Fever In Cows
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Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country. And almost all regions of India are suitable for setting up dairy farming business. Most of the dairy farmers in India are raising animals in small scale scale traditional methods. They are not aware about the modern farming methods and improved techniques for dairy farming.
As a result, some farmers are loosing their investment instead of being benefited. Proper business plan, well management and care can ensure maximum production and profit from dairy farming business. I have described here the importance, setting up steps and some problems of dairy farming in India. Why Dairy Farming in India?There are many benefits of starting dairy farming business in India. Here I am describing the main importance and benefits of dairy farming in India.
Dairy farming business is a traditional business. So, you don’t have to worry about marketing your products. You can easily sell your products in almost every place of India. And dairy product market is active round the year. Dairy farming is eco-friendly and it doesn’t pollute the environment. Dairy farming business doesn’t required highly skilled labor. You can easily setup small scale dairy farm with your family labor.
Great business opportunities for unemployed educated young people. Proper plan and management can ensure maximum production. Numerous highly productive native Indian and foreign breeds are suitable for farming according to the climate and environment of India. You can apply for loan in your local NGO or banks. How to Start Dairy Farm in India?Setting up dairy farming business in India is not so easy.
You have to go through several important steps for setting up dairy farming in India. Consider the following tips while starting dairy farming business in India. First of all, you have to decide the aim and objective of your farm (includes housing, feeding, breeding, number of animals to be maintained etc. Try to visit some commercial dairy farms. Discuss with the experienced farm owners about his dairy farming system and secrets.
Try to visit as much farms as possible. This will help you to analyze various farming systems and extremely broaden your knowledge. While visiting various farms, try to analyze their every event deeply. Visit your nearest veterinarians and discuss about the possibilities of dairy farming in your area. If your plan is to maintain the farm by your own, then try to work for an existing farm for at least six months.
Be conscious about the availability of food and its costs. You also have to stock food for adverse seasons. You have to employ hardworking labor with some practical experience. In some cases you can also train them for specific dairy farm jobs. Visit your nearest market occasionally and observe the price and demand of live animals and dairy products. Keeping good relation with market help you for getting proper value of your products and purchasing necessary commodities.
And lastly, try to learn more and more about dairy farming in India. Read a lots of books, visit numerous farms, gather experience, make proper business plan and finally do it. BreedsThere are numerous native Indian and highly productive foreign breeds available. You can choose any of them. You can raise both cows and buffaloes together in separate rows under same shed. Cow’s milk is lower in fat than buffaloes milk.
Visit the market and try to understand which product has high demand. For profitable commercial dairy production Murrah, Surti, Mehasani, Jaffrabadi, Badhawari etc. are common and popular buffalo milch breeds. Gir, Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar are popular cow breed. You can also go with highly productive foreign breeds like Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss, Jersey etc. All those breeds are suitable for farming in the Indian weather.
Always keep in mind the market while choosing breeds for your dairy farming business. HousingGood housing play an important role for keeping the animal healthy, diseases free and productive. For proper production you should give your animal required space inside the house. Generally 40 square feet inside shed and 80 square feet open space is required per animal. In small scale production for 20 animals, you have to ensure availability of 3000 square feet land area.
For medium scale producers with 100 animals, 13,000 to 15,000 square feet space is required. However, ensure availability of all types of essential facilities in the house. Essential facilities includes proper ventilation, sufficient flow of fresh and clean air, sufficient space etc. FeedingFeeding good and high quality nutritious foods ensure proper growth and good health of the animals. So, always try to feed them sufficient amount of nutritious food.
Try to add as much green food as possible with their regular food. Because, green food helps the animal to produce more milk and helps the producer to reduce feeding costs. If possible, try to make a grazing place for your animals. Along with nutritious foods, always provide them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water. Dairy animals need more water than other animals. Generally, a milk producing animal need five liters of water for producing one liter milk.
So, always serve them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water. Care & ManagementTaking good care is the key to every livestock farming business. So, you also have to take good care of your animals. Try to keep the animals free from all types of cattle diseases. Vaccinate them timely. Provide them nutritious food and clean water regularly. Make a stock of necessary medicines and other materials.
MarketingMarketing your products is not a problem in India. Dairy product has huge demand throughout the India. You can easily sell your products in almost every places of our country. So, don’t worry about marketing, just take good care of your animals. Problems of Dairy Farming in IndiaEvery business has some problems or difficulties. Dairy cow farming also has some problems. The main limitations and constraints of dairy farming in India are listed below.
High infrastructure and feeding cost is the main constraint of dairy farming business. Most of the farmers don’t serious about the total expenditure and profit from this business. The don’t count the value of green food which they grow with their crop. Breeding process of animal depends on various factors. It is a biological phenomenon and getting expected milk production depends on proper breeding process.
But most of our farmers are not conscious about this due to lack of proper publicity and public announcement by the government. In accordance with making good business plan, dairy farming requires hardworking, proper care, good management and you have to be alert always. In our country, one of the family member take care of the animals. But for commercial purpose, you have to employ several experienced people with high salary.
Every business go with some additional advantages and problems. On an average, commercial dairy farming in India is profitable. If you want to start this business, try to learn more about it and visit as much farms as possible.